Resources for Implementation of the
Presidential Climate Action Plan

Climate Policy DatabaseClimate Policy Database US Climate ExpertsUS Climate Experts

Grouped by category...

Adaptation Advanced Energy Technologies
Agriculture Buildings
Business Opportunities Carbon Policy
Climate Policy Economics
Energy Efficiency Energy Policy
Environment EPA Climate Change Glossary
Equity Energy Subsidies
Geoengineering International Collaboration
International Engagement Leadership
Legislation National Security
Natural Resource Stewardship Ocean Impacts
Public Awareness and Education Public Health
Past & Present Presidential Plans Renewable Energy
Science State/Local Action
Transportation Fossil Energy/Fuels
Water Resources


Researchers from the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy conclude that about US$400 billion should be spent worldwide on "green" policies and investments which also help economic recovery and lay the foundations of sustainable low-carbon growth. The report, "An outline of the case for a "green" stimulus", points out that this sum represents about 20 per cent of the US$2 trillion, or 4 per cent of global gross domestic product, that governments might spend in the next 18 months on fiscal stimulus packages to lessen the economic downturn. Read more here:

Unlocking the Green Economy
How Carbon Pricing can open the Floodgates of Private Investment in Clean Energy. By Michael A. Livermore.
[PDF/1MB] Must be viewed with Adobe Reader or Acrobat V7 or higher.

A Carbon Tax Policy Report from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. [PDF/911KB]

The Social Cost of Carbon and its Policy Implications
By David Pearce ~ Oxford Review of Economic Policy; Nov 2003. [PDF/1MB]

Duke Study Pinpoints Potential 'Green-Collar' Job Growth in U.S.
During the presidential campaign, Barack Obama proposed an economic plan that would create 5 million jobs in environmental industries. These so-called "green collar" jobs do, in fact, present the next frontier for U.S. manufacturing, says a new report from Duke University. Read the press release or download the full report in HTML or PDF format.

The New Energy Economy: Putting America on the Path to Solving Global Warming
An NRDC Issue Paper by Rick Duke and Dan Lashof; June 2008 [PDF/135KB]

Capitalism to the Rescue
Can the venture capitalists at Kleiner Perkins reduce our dependence on oil, help stop global warming and make a lot of money at the same time?
By Jon Gertner, courtesy of the New York Times

Capturing the Energy Opportunity: Creating a Low-Carbon Economy
By John Podesta, Todd Stern, and Kit Batten of the Center for American Progress; November 2007 [PDF/3MB]

The Good News about the U.S. Economy
Something good is happening in the U.S. economy. With all the bad news recently, we may not have noticed: We are seeing the first signs of America's shift to a new economy that will make us safer and more prosperous for generations to come.

Recharging America's Economy: Clean Energy Investments, Global Warming Solutions, and a Prosperous Economy
A new, four-page guide from the National Wildlife Federation on the economic opportunity from solving global warming.

Climate change is top of mind for many executives. But once the dust settles, what will it actually mean for business? This issue of McKinsey on Strategy argues that companies face a major economy-wide discontinuity and that executives need to get ready for it. To that end, we explore strategic business responses to climate change and look at a method for assessing the growth opportunities that come with social and environmental global trends. Read More >>

Cutting Carbon, Not Economic Growth: Germany's Path
Germany has set an ambitious goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 40 percent of their 1990 level over the next 12 years. Our study of the technological opportunities to abate the country's carbon emissions suggests that achieving a 30 percent target, while challenging, would neither curb economic growth nor require lifestyle changes or lower levels of comfort. But hitting targets higher than that could be very costly and politically contentious.
This report from 'The McKinsey Quarterly' includes a series of interactive exhibits, which explore the costs and opportunities of various carbon abatement measures.

KidsShould we invest now to prevent economic damage to future generations?
The New York Times addresses the question:
Arresting global warming won't come cheap. Europe and Japan are already spending billions to meet the modest carbon emission cuts that they agreed to in Kyoto 10 years ago. And according to a recent United Nations report, switching to cleaner energy sources would require investments of up to $20 trillion over the next two decades. Add to that other economic costs, such as the rise in food prices attributable to the world's embrace of renewable fuels.
By Eduardo Porter, courtesy of the New York Times

Green-Collar Jobs in America's Cities
Building Pathways Out of Poverty and Careers in the Clean Energy Economy
By the Apollo Alliance with the Center for American Progress and the Center on Wisconsin Strategy

How companies think about climate change: A McKinsey Global Survey
Fully 60 percent of global executives surveyed by The McKinsey Quarterly regard climate change as strategically important, and a majority consider it important to product development, investment planning, and brand management.
Courtesy of The McKinsey Quarterly

Big Business Says Addressing Climate Change 'Rates Very Low On Agenda'
Global warming ranks far down the concerns of the world's biggest companies, despite world leaders' hopes that they will pioneer solutions to the impending climate crisis, a startling survey will reveal this week.
By Tricia Holly Davis, Geoffrey Lean and Susie Mesure, courtesy of the UK Independent.

Watch VideoEach year, the Worldwatch Institute releases a report analyzing the year's environmental trends. This year's report focuses on the "greening" of industry. During today's OnPoint, Tom Prugh, co-director of Worldwatch's State of the World 2008 report, explains why environmental issues are driving the global economy. He discusses what lies ahead for carbon markets and also addresses how local governments can engage communities for a more sustainable world. More » [Video ~ 9min]

A study conducted by the University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Environmental shows that the economic impacts of climate change will outweigh the benefits in most sectors of the economy and will place "immense strains on public sector budgets." Additionally, the findings show that the economic impacts will be felt throughout the whole country, but will be unevenly distributed. The study also lists secondary effects from climate change that include higher prices, job loss, and reduced income.

EIA Report Underscores Benefits, Low Cost of a 25x'25 Energy Future
This report responds to a request by Senator James Inhofe for analysis of a "25-by-25" proposal that combines a requirement that a 25-percent share of electricity sales be produced from renewable sources by 2025 with a requirement that a 25-percent share of liquid transportation fuel sales also be derived from renewable sources by 2025. The electricity requirement is implemented as a renewable portfolio standard (RFS), while the motor fuel standard is implemented as a renewable fuel standard (RFS). The report provides a summary of the impacts of the Policy on U.S. energy markets and the economy through 2030.

Who Will Pay for the Next Hurricane?
Because of increasing development in hazard-prone areas and the effects of climate change, we are in a new era of catastrophic losses from natural disasters.
By Howard Kunreuther, courtesy of The New York Times

The Real Economy
A report by Dr. Robert Costanza Gordon and Lulie Gund Professor of Ecological Economics and Director, Gund Institute of Ecological Economics Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources The University of Vermont.

From Risk to Opportunity: How Insurers Can Proactively and Profitably Manage Climate Change

Energy Market and Economic Impacts of a Proposal to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Intensity with a Cap and Trade System Market and Economic Impacts of a Proposal to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Intensity with a Cap and Trade System [PDF/880KB]

The Green Road Less Traveled
By Thomas L. Friedman of the New York Times
The more we globalize clean-power standards the more we play to the strengths of the American economy.

An Old Steel Mill Retools to Produce Clean Energy
By David Staba of the NY Times
The American Wind Energy Association says a wind farm in upstate New York is part of its plan to "convert the Rust Belt to the Wind Belt."

Stern Report on the Economics of Climate Change - Executive Summary [PDF/309KB]

How many jobs can renewable energy create? [PDF/1.1MB]

2003 CBO Study of Climate Economics [PDF/3.9MB]

Renewing America's Economy
A 10 Percent National Renewable Electricity Standard Will Save Consumers Money and Create Jobs [PDF/107KB]

New Energy for America
The Apollo Jobs Report: Good Jobs & Energy Independence [PDF/2MB]

Clean Energy and Jobs
A comprehensive approach to climate change and energy policy [PDF/237KB]

Jobs and the Climate Stewardship Act
How Curbing Global Warming Can Increase Employment [PDF/137KB]

Because America's 26 million small businesses make up half the economy, they are in a position to make a significant impact in reducing energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions through efficient practices. Read More at

Recent polls have found the majority of people would be willing to pay more in taxes to support local government efforts to help reduce global warming. In a September poll conducted by the Associated Press and Yale University, most Americans said they would be willing to pay more in property taxes, home costs and utility fees to support initiatives to encourage people to use less energy and rely on alternative sources for their energy. Dr. Anthony Leiserowitz, the director of the Yale Project on Climate Change, noted, "Nearly half of Americans now believe that global warming is either already having dangerous impacts on people around the world or will in the next 10 years-a 20 percentage-point increase since 2004. These results indicate a sea change in public opinion." (Reported in EESI newsletter)

Climate change affects your company's competitive landscape in ways you might not realize.
The following document will show how to map your risks - and opportunities.
Competitive Advantage on a Warming Planet [PDF/1.8MB]
A paper by Jonathan Lash and Fred Wellington

Irrational Incandescence
People can't be bothered to make easy energy savings
Courtesy of the Economist

New Energy Finance
A specialist provider of information and research to investors in renewable energy, low-carbon technology and the carbon markets.

The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)
Is an independent not-for-profit organization aiming to create a lasting relationship between shareholders and corporations regarding the implications for shareholder value and commercial operations presented by climate change. Its goal is to facilitate a dialogue, supported by quality information, from which a rational response to climate change will emerge.

Investors and Environmentalists for Sustainable Prosperity

Clean Energy Trends 2007
A report from CleanEdge

Investing in Solutions to Climate Change
An investor report from CitiGroup, June 12, 2006

Climatic Consequences: Investment Implications of a Changing Climate
An investor report from CitiGroup, Jan. 19, 2007

The Goldman Sachs Environmental Policy Framework
Goldman Sachs believes that a healthy environment is necessary for the well-being of society, our people and our business, and is the foundation for a sustainable and strong economy.

Goldman Sachs Portfolio Strategy, Aug. 26, 2005
The growing interest in environmental issues is important to both socially responsible and fundamental investors.

Climate Change: Adapt or Bust
From Lloyds of London's 360° Risk Project
Lloyd's has urged the insurance industry to act now or face the risks associated with climate change.

Climate Change and the Financial Sector: An Agenda for Action
A report from the Allianz Group and the WWF.

In the Black: The Growth of the Low-Carbon Economy
A report from the ClimateGroup that showcases the rapid growth experienced by companies providing innovative low carbon products and services.

Congressional Budget Office releases study on economic impact of cap-and-trade
On April 25, the U.S. Congressional Budget Office released a brief on how the allocation of emission limits under a national cap-and-trade system is likely to impact the overall cost of such a policy to the U.S. economy. As others have said, the devil is in the details when it comes to structuring cap-and-trade programs. Fortunately, it seems, the process of working out the details has begun.
* PDF copy available here:

The Real Economy:
A report by Dr. Robert Costanza

Net Energy/Full Cost Accounting:
A Framework for Evaluating Energy Options and Climate Change Strategies
A report from Robert Costanza and Cutler Cleveland [PDF/61KB]

The Business Case for Climate Protection
By L. Hunter Lovins [PDF/76KB]


Back to TopBack to Top


Public Health

As Earth Warms Up, Tropical Virus Moves to Italy
Aided by global warming and globalization, Italy suffered the first outbreak of a tropical disease in modern Europe.
By Elisabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of the New York Times

Industrialized Country GHG Emissions at New High
On November 20, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) said emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by industrialized countries have broken new records. In 2005, the total emissions of greenhouse gases by this group "rose to an all-time high," the UNFCCC said. "The increases in emissions came from both the continued growth in highly industrialized countries and the revived economic growth in former East Bloc nations," it said. Transport accounted for the biggest growth in emissions of any sector. By the end of 2005, the United States emitted 16.3 percent more greenhouse gases than in 1990. Australia was 25.6 percent above the 1990 benchmark.

Global Warming Could Mean More Heart Problems, Doctors Warn
Global warming may be forcing polar bears southward and melting glaciers, but it could also have an impact on your heart.

Kaw Bing Chua and colleagues report the isolation of a previously unknown orthoreovirus of bat origin, which is associated with an acute respiratory disease in humans.



Ocean Impacts

Extreme Ice Survey: Glacier Video & Time-Lapse Gallery
The Extreme Ice Survey is the most wide-ranging glacier study ever conducted using ground-based, real-time photography. EIS uses time-lapse photography, conventional photography, and video to document the rapid changes now occurring on the Earth's glacial ice. The EIS team has installed 27 time-lapse cameras at 15 sites in Greenland, Iceland, Alaska, and the Rocky Mountains. EIS supplements this ongoing record with annual repeat photography in Iceland, the Alps, and Bolivia.

How High Will the Seas Rise?
As governments, businesses, and homeowners plan for the future, they should assume that the world's oceans will rise by at least two meters — roughly seven feet — this century. But far too few agencies or individuals are preparing for the inevitable increase in sea level that will take place as polar ice sheets melt.
Courtesy of Yale Environment 360

Ocean Rescue
Most of the world's important commercial fish species have been declining for years. Nearly one-fourth are unable, essentially, to reproduce. The biggest cause of the deterioration in ocean health - bigger than climate change or pollution - is overfishing. American fisheries are in better shape than most but not by much. Courtesy of the New York Times

EPA and the U.S. Geological Survey have released a new report on the dangers of sea-level rise, including to U.S. coasts.
Read more here:

A Coastal and Ocean Policy for the next Administration
Americans are connected to the coast and ocean. Whether or not we are among the 53% of the U.S. population who live within 50 miles of the coast, we are all dependent on our coasts and oceans for our food, health, recreation and jobs. More than 180 million people visit the shore for recreation every year and tens of thousands of jobs in fishing, recreation, and tourism depend on healthy, functioning coastal systems. Courtesy of the Ocean Foundation [PDF/421KB]

Ocean 'Dead Zones' on the Rise
Enormous stretches of the ocean floor are becoming depleted of oxygen and cannot sustain life, according to a new study.
By Bina Venkataraman, courtesy of the New York Times

Stinging Tentacles Offer Hint of Oceans' Decline
The explosion of jellyfish populations reflects overfishing, rising sea temperatures and pollution, scientists say.
By Elisabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of The New York Times

Coral Reefs and What Ruins Them
Researchers who studied a string of Pacific Ocean atolls are painting the first detailed picture of pristine coral reefs.
By Cordelian Dean, courtesy of the New York Times.

Human Shadows on the Seas
Scientists are building the first worldwide portrait of human impacts on the oceans, which have left just 4 percent of the seas pristine.
By Andrew Revkin, courtesy of the New York Times

Twenty-Five Years and Counting
There are many reasons to ratify the Law of the Sea, not least the fact that it would allow the U.S. to play a role on a range of global ocean issues.
An Editorial, courtesy of the New York Times

The following are several CRS reports concerning the state of our Oceans.
RL33493 - Outer Continental Shelf: Debate Over Oil and Gas Leasing and Revenue Sharing -- 21-May-2007; Marc Humphries; 21p. PDF
RL33603 - Ocean Commissions: Ocean Policy Review and Outlook -- 1-Feb-2007; Harold F. Upton, John R. Justus, and Eugene H. Buck; 18p. PDF
IB95010 - The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy -- 12-May-2006; Marjorie Ann Browne; 19p. PDF
RL33404 - Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework -- 3-May-2007; Adam Vann; 29p. PDF
RL32185 - U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions 7-Jan-2004; Eugene H. Buck; 14p. PDF

As the United States observes the 35th anniversary of the Clean Water Act, what is the state of the nation's waters and what new approaches are needed?

'Bringing the Ocean to the World,' in High-Tech
Thousands of miles of fiber-optic cables are strung across the world's oceans, connecting continents like so many tin cans in this age of critical global communication.
By William Yardley, courtesy of The New York Times

Iron to Plankton To Carbon Credits
By Steven Mufson, courtesy of the NY Times
A small California company is planning to mix up to 80 tons of iron particles into the Pacific Ocean 350 miles west of the Galapagos islands to see whether it can make a splash in the markets where people seek to offset their greenhouse gas emissions.

Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems [PDF/241KB]
An Ocean Impact report written by several international scientists

Coral Is Dying. Can It Be Reborn?
By CORNELIA DEAN of the NY Times
In efforts local and global, an uphill fight to restore corals battered by human and marine life to their former glory.

Altered Oceans: A five-part series on the crisis in the seas.
(Courtesy of the LA Times)

U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy [PDF/1.35MB]

The PEW Oceans Commission
A Report to the Nation - Recommendations for a New Ocean Policy

Defying Ocean's End — An Agenda for Action [PDF/2MB]

Marine Protected Area Planning in a Changing Climate [PDF/1.05MB]

Resistance And Resilience To Coral Bleaching: Implications For Coral Reef Conservation And Management [PDF/117KB]


Back to TopBack to Top



Water Resources

Water, Water Everywhere?
One day this past May, more than 100 journalists gathered on the docks of Barcelona, Spain's second-largest city, to observe the arrival of a most precious shipment. A Panamanian-flagged tanker loaded with water arrived. The ship was part of a small fleet of six vessels providing emergency relief to Barcelona until the city's new desalination plant was completed.
By G. Tracy Mehan, III, courtesy of Forbes [PDF/512KB]

Half Empty or Half Full?
Water managers are looking for ways to supply enough water to the thirsty - and booming - West.
Reprinted with permission form Planning, the magazine of the American Planning Association. [PDF/776KB]

The California Sustainability Alliance has released its study "The Role of Recycled Water in Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Reduction". The study estimates the potential energy and carbon benefits of accelerating and increasing the development and use of recycled water in the state of California.

Major U.S. Water Agencies Form New National Climate Alliance
United by the fact that climate change poses a major long-term challenge to delivering high-quality drinking water, eight of the nation's largest water agencies announced the formation of an unprecedented coalition, the Water Utility Climate Alliance (WUCA).
Courtesy of the San Fransisco Public Utilities Commission

Let's Drink to Private Water
It is one of the great ironies of America. In the most capitalist, free-market nation in the world, most citizens receive their water and wastewater services from government entities. Contrast this with the United Kingdom, where almost all water services are provided by private systems. [PDF/406KB]

Decline in Snowpack Is Blamed On Warming
The persistent and dramatic decline in the snowpack of many mountains in the West is caused primarily by human-induced global warming and is not the result of natural variability in weather patterns, researchers reported yesterday.
By Marc Kaufman, courtesy of the Washington Post

Energy, Climate Change, and Sustainable Water Management
G. Tracy Mehan, III, the author of this article, a former assistant EPA administrator for water, says the prevailing analysis of a truly sustainable water system or utility has both expanded and deepened within the industry and at EPA. [PDF/277KB]

From Sewage, Added Water for Drinking
The controversial process of turning sewage into drinking water is getting a close look in several American cities.
By Randal C. Archibold, courtesy of the New York Times

The Future Is Drying Up
The West is the fastest-growing part of the country. It's also the driest. And climate change could be making matters much, much worse.
By Jon Gertner, courtesy of The New York Times

Drought-Stricken South Facing Tough Choices
A drought in the Southeastern United States has become so severe that some cities are just months away from running out of water.
By Brenda Goodman, courtesy of The New York Times

Adapting to a Changing Climate: Water, Energy, People
A report by G. Tracy Mehan, III and Ian P. Kline. [PDF/60KB]

Warming Will Exacerbate Global Water Conflicts
By Doug Struck, courtesy of The Washington Post

Water Quality Monitoring in the Age of Information

No Longer Waiting for Rain, an Arid West Takes Action
Some $2.5 billion in water projects are planned, the biggest expansion in the West’s quest for water in decades.
Courtesy of the New York Times

Water Issues May Jeopardize Role of Nuclear Energy

In Hot Water: Water Management Strategies to Weather the Effects of Global Warming [PDF / 2.6MB]

The Water Related Impacts of Global Warming [PDF / 879KB]


Back to TopBack to Top



Natural Resource Stewardship

The Department of Interior has released a report on geological sequestration of greenhouse gases on public lands.
[PDF / 613KB]

GOA Report to Congressional Requestors: Agencies Should Develop Guidance for Addressing the Effects on Federal Land and Water Resources

2008-2009 State of the Wild, A Global Portrait of Wildlife, Wildlands, and Oceans
Jim Hansen of NASA outlines the impacts of climate change on wildlife. (Wildlife Conservation Society, published by Island Press)

Motivated by a Tax, Irish Spurn Plastic Bags
The Irish have embraced the use of cloth bags to carry groceries, encouraged by a 33-cent tax on plastic ones.
By Elisabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of the Washington Post

Bearing Up
I strongly believe that adding polar bears to the list under the Endangered Species Act is the wrong move at this time.
An editorial by Alaska governor Sarah Palin, courtesy of the New York Times

Measuring Our Nation's Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability: Highlights of a Forum Jointly Convened by the Comptroller General of the United States and the National Academy of Science.
GAO-08-127SP, October 24.
Highlights -

GAO Chides Government on Warming
The federal government needs to do a better job addressing how climate change is transforming the hundreds of millions of acres under its watch, according to a Government Accountability Office report to be released today.

Working Together Holistically: A Symphonic Approach To Watershed Management
By G. Tracy Mehan III

National Petroleum Council Drills a Dry Hole Report Condemned for Serious Shortcomings
A report from the Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas - USA [PDF/164KB]

A Beautiful Mine
By Erik Reese, courtesy of the New York Times
Reforesting wasted mine sites would replace failed industrial methods with a system that mimics nature.

Feeling Warmth, Subtropical Plants Move North
By Shalia Dewan of the NY Times
Many experts agree that climate change has meant a longer growing season and a more robust selection.

Judge Suspends Administration Rules For Managing Forests
An article from the Washington Post

CRS Report: Global Climate Change and Wildlife


Back to TopBack to Top



Climate Change and Intergenerational Justice: Foundational Reflections
By Burns H. Weston [PDF/360KB]

Greening the Tax Code

CRS Report: Climate Change - Greenhouse Gas Reduction Bills in the 100th Congress

League of Conservation Voters’ analysis of the climate-action provisions
of President Bush’s 2008 budget:

The Congressional Research Service has published a
fresh inventory of climate change legislation in Congress.
Download the PDF here. [PDF/119KB]

STPP Update: $3.471 Billion Rescission Ordered
President Bush Signs FY'07 Spending Measure, Largest Single Program Rescission on the Way [PDF/52KB]



Past & Present Presidential Plans

What past Presidents have said...

President Clinton's 1997 Climate Action Plan

President Bush's Climate Action Policy

The Clinton-Gore 1993 Climate Action Plan


Back to TopBack to Top


Public Awareness and Education

Provocative New Study Warns of Crossing Planetary Boundaries
The Earth has nine biophysical thresholds beyond which it cannot be pushed without disastrous consequences, the authors of a new paper in the journal Nature report. Ominously, these scientists say, we have already moved past three of these tipping points. by Carl Zimmer

Americans Support Action on Global Warming, Despite the Economic Crisis
We're pleased to announce a new research report, "Climate Change in the American Mind: Americans' Climate Change Beliefs, Attitudes, Policy Preferences, and Actions." The report is based on a nationally representative survey of more than 2,000 Americans conducted in October and November. In short, the study found that even in the midst of the growing economic crisis, over 90 percent of Americans said that the United States should act to reduce global warming, including 34 percent who said the U.S. should make a large-scale effort, even if it has large economic costs. A copy of the report can be downloaded from:

Survey of Michigan Residents on the Issue of Global Warming and Climate Policy Options: Key Findings Report
By Barry Rabe, University of Michigan, and Christopher Borick, Muhlenberg College

Carbon TrackerCarbon Tracker, is a system to keep track of carbon dioxide uptake and release at the Earth's surface over time. Read More »»

Courtesy of the U.S. Department of Commerce; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Earth System Research Lab; Global Monitoring Division

Is the IPCC still too optimistic?
Alarming UN report on climate change too rosy, many say.
Some climate experts, including some of the authors of the latest IPCC report, say it may still be too optimistic. "The IPCC is a five-year process and the IPCC is struggling to keep up with the data-we are all being inundated with new evidence and new science," said Hans Verolme, director of the Global Climate Change Program at the World Wildlife Fund.

People around the world - including in the United States - are willing to make personal sacrifices - for example, paying more for energy -- to help address global warming, according to two recent polls. In the U.S., three of four respondents now consider climate change an important issue in the presidential election race.
For more information, go to these links:
Yale University/Gallup Poll:
Program on International Policy Attitudes:

Who are the world's largest emitters of carbon dioxide?
The Center for American Progress has published two interactive maps that allow you to click on any country to learn its emissions.
Go to:

Where the '08 Contenders Stand on Global Warming
Their positions range from enacting a corporate carbon tax to dismissing the threat.
By Brad Knickerbocker, courtesy of The Christian Science Monitor

A Key Threshold Crossed
An Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report to be released next month will show that the limit on greenhouse-gases scientists hoped to avert has already been surpassed.
By Gregory M. Lamb, courtesy of the Christian Science Monitor.

Who are the World's Largest Emitters of Carbon Dioxide?
The Center for American Progress has published two interactive maps that allow you to click on any country to learn its emissions.

Not on the Label
Why adding "carbon footprint" labels to foods and other products is tricky.
Courtesy of the Economist



National Security

Climate Security Index
Changes in the Earth's climate are more evident every day, but the United States has failed to act, alone or with allies, to avoid disaster. Read more and download the full report »

Testimony Of Sherri Goodman before the Committee on Energy & Commerce Subcommittee on Energy & Air Quality
U.S. House of Representatives ~ June 26, 2008
Chairman Boucher, Ranking Member Upton, distinguished members; I appreciate the opportunity to testify before the Energy & Air Quality Subcommittee of the House Committee on Energy & Commerce on the critical and timely subject of the national security implications of climate change.

Enabling Strategic Intelligence on Energy and Environmental Security Impacts and Consequences
In November 2007, an international strategy design team composed of government, business, and academic experts met in Glasgow to consider the elements, objectives, and requirements for a strategic intelligence capability on energy and environmental security. The discussion built on the proceedings of a workshop held in D.C. on 19 September, which assembled nearly forty experts to consider models for a similar capability.

More Fight - Less Fuel
A newly issued Department of Defense assessment of how energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies can and should be used to increase military capabilities while decreasing vulnerabilities created by military dependence on fossil fuels and the national energy grid. [PDF/1MB]

National Security and the Threat of Climate Change
Climate change's anticipated impacts such as sea level rise and forced migration can have multiplier effects, accelerating traditional security threats. This concern is the conclusion of 11 retired flag officers in a new report from the CNA Corporation, National Security and the Threat of Climate Change.
Video Available

The Age of Consequences: The Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Global Climate Change
A report from The Center for Strategic & International Studies and The Center for a New American Security.

U.S. Energy Dependence Undercutting U.S. National Security, Council Task Force Warns
A news release from the Council on Foreign Relations

Global climate change presents a serious national security threat which could impact Americans at home, impact US military operations, and heighten global tensions, according to a new study released by a blue-ribbon panel of retired admirals and generals from the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines.

Editorial: Warming and Global Security
The debate over global warming took a useful turn this week as diplomats and retired military officers drew persuasive connections between climate change and the very real potential for regional upheavals. (NY Times)

Global Warming Poses Serious Threat To National Security
U.S. Senators Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Chuck Hagel (R-NE) today introduced bipartisan legislation that would require a National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) to assess the security challenges presented by the world's changing climate.

U.S. Energy Infrastructure Vulnerability: Lessons Learned from the Gulf Coast Hurricanes
Analysis Group, March 2006. [PDF/308KB]

National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency
Report of an Independent Task Force
Sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations [PDF/732KB]

U.S. Energy Security Facts
Amory B. Lovins, Rocky Mountain Institute, April 2003 [PDF/235KB]

National security consequences of U.S. oil dependence
John Deutch, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
March 22, 2007 [PDF/107KB]

Brittle Power: Energy Strategy for National Security
Amory and L. Hunter Lovins, 2001


Back to TopBack to Top



After the Imperial Presidency
Secretly and at times unconstitutionally, the Bush administration expanded executive power. Will the new president and a new Congress redefine who is in charge?
By Jonathan Mahler, courtesy of the New York Times

"How the Federal Government Should Prepare for Climate Emergencies: The Natural Conjunction of Rapid Response Policy with Climate Change Mitigation, Economic Development and Energy Security."
November 2008. Commissioned by PCAP from Alaine Ginocchio, Esq. [PDF/349KB]

UPDATE July 2008
The Boundaries of Executive Authority: Using Executive Orders to Implement Federal Climate Change Policy
The Center for Energy and Environmental Security (CEES) was asked to prepare a report on the legal boundaries of executive authority with emphasis on the use of executive orders (EOs) to implement appropriate provisions of the Climate Action Plan. [PDF/3MB]

The Boundaries of Executive Authority: Using Executive Orders to Implement Federal Climate Change Policy
A Report Produced for the Presidential Climate Action Project by the Center for Energy & Environmental Security, February 2008. [PDF/4.4MB]

If I were President
A Climate Change Speech by Richard C.J. Somerville: Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at The University of California, San Diego
Past Feature of the Week ~ 9/10/08

Yes We Can
The thing about visionaries like Al Gore is that they don't imagine what's easy. They imagine the benefits to be reaped once all the obstacles are overcome.
By Bob Herbert, courtesy of the New York Times

In May 1961, President John F. Kennedy committed the nation, by the end of that decade, to landing Americans on the moon and bringing them safely back to Earth. Read Full Story

The Power of Green
Courtesy of the New York Times
What does America need to regain its global stature? Environmental leadership.



State/Local Action

The Chicago Climate Action Plan website.
Peruse the complete plan in a downloadable format as well as all of the supporting research.

Green Strategies Spur Rebirth of American Cities
U.S. cities have been using green planning to spark economic development, helping create a real urban renaissance in America. With a new administration soon to arrive in Washington, these same approaches may finally start being used on a national scale.
By Keith Schneider, courtesy of Yale Environment 360

Developing a Comprehensive Approach to Climate Change Policy in the United States that Fully Integrates Levels of Government and Economic Sectors
by Thomas D. Peterson, Robert B. McKinstry, Jr., and John C. Dernbach [PDF/664KB]

California Moves on Bill to Curb Sprawl and Emissions
A proposed law encourages housing close to job sites, rail lines and bus stops in order to shorten the time people spend in their cars.
By Felicity Barringer, courtesy fo the New York Times

Opportunities for States in Clean Energy Research, Development, & Demonstration
A Report for the National Governors Association as part of the Securing a Clean Energy Future Initiative. [PDF/2MB]

U.S. Climate Action-From the Ground Up
Federal Policies to Promote Local Government Climate Protection [PDF/371KB]

Governors on the March
Even though America seems to be turning inexorably greener, there remains a lack of clarity about the precise nature of eventual national climate law. Despite the urgent need for solutions, this may prove to be a blessing in disguise, because the nation's best experience on climate action that's emanating from the states has yet to be incorporated into federal legislation. [PDF/120KB]

The Climate Policy Program of the New America Foundation has posted information about policies and standards states are using to lead the way on climate action.
Read more here:

Yale University web site on state and local climate leadership:

NACAA's state-by-state greenhouse gas summary is on the home page of

Want to Buy Some Pollution?
The auction of greenhouse gas emissions permits could provide the foundation for a federal-state partnership to revolutionize energy use.
A New York Times Editorial by Ian Bowles

Climate Change 101 - Adaptation
A report from The Pew Center on Global Climate Change [PDF/1.3MB]

Forecast: Storm Warnings
A report that discusses disaster preparedness and response in the US with respect to hurricanes and their increasing intensity and number due to rising sea surface temperatures.
By Kit Batten, Jane Bullock, Benjamin Goldstein, George Haddow, Bracken Hendricks, Kari Manlove and Daniel J. Weiss of the Center for American Progess. Download the Full Report [PDF/3.9MB]

In Miles of Alleys, Chicago Finds Its Next Environmental Frontier
Chicago's effort to redo its alleys with sustainable road-building materials is one of the most ambitious public street makeover plans in the country.
By Susan Saulny, courtesy of the New York Times

Governors Join in Creating Regional Pacts on Climate Change
Three Western governors will appear in a nationwide television advertising campaign trying to generate public and political support for climate change legislation.
By John M. Broder, courtesy of the New York Times.

The Good News from the States [PDF/388KB]
The US delegation is unlikely to move the climate change debate forward in Nairobi. But, in state capitals across the Union, efforts to tackle greenhouse gas emissions are well under way. Michael Northrop and David Sassoon report.

Livability and Smart Growth
Lessons From a Surdna Foundation Initiative
By Hooper Brooks and Julia Parzen

Sarasota goal: Energy efficient community
By Michael Barber, courtesy of the Miami Herald

The Cities Most Innovative in Global Warming Fight
From Planet Ark, World Environmental News.

United States Energy Usage & Demographics; listed by State.

SustainLane Government
SustainLane Government is the premier online sustainability best practices knowledge base for state and local government. Free to government professionals and their consultants, SustainLane Government provides a searchable network of sustainability managers, experts and practitioners, enabling government entities, large and small, to work more efficiently toward sustainable policies and practices

Advancing Cross-Sector Sustainable Development for State and Local Government
SustainLane's open-source knowledge base speeds discovery, research and networking with more than 105 best practice documents and a secure directory of participating government officials from over 400 cities, counties and states. Read More >>

ACEEE "Rates the States" on Energy Efficiency Progress

The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) has released its latest "State Energy Efficiency Scorecard" that grades each state and the District of Columbia on its 2006 contribution toward addressing America's energy security and environmental challenges through the adoption of energy efficiency policies, programs, and technologies.

The report provides a comprehensive ranking of each state's energy efficiency efforts, identifies exemplary action on a wide range of policy categories, and documents best practices to serve as models for others to follow.

State policies featured in the report include appliance and equipment standards, building energy codes, and improvements in the transportation and land use sector.

According to the report, Vermont, Connecticut, and California lead the nation in energy efficiency policy, all tying for the top spot. Rounding out the top ten are Massachusetts, Oregon, Washington, New York, and New Jersey in spots four through eight, and Rhode Island and Minnesota tying for ninth.

The next fifteen states all have policies to increase efficiency in state- owned facilities, and most are committing funds to energy efficiency programs plus adopting codes and standards. The bottom twenty-six states lag behind on adopting cost-effective energy efficiency.

The scorecard is available as a free download at:

The Principles of Smart Growth
From the Principles of Smart Growth website.

Race to the Top: The Expanding Role of U.S. State Renewable Portfolio Standards
Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
June 2006

EPA Updates Clean Energy Website: State Clean Energy Policy Data Table and Maps, Technical Forum Resources

State Clean Energy Policy Data Table and Maps
EPA has updated summaries of the status of state clean energy policies in table and map formats, covering a subset of the 16 policies featured in the EPA Clean Energy Environment Guide to Action: Policies, Best Practices, and Action Steps for States, including:

  • state lead by example measures,
  • state and regional energy planning,
  • energy efficiency portfolio standards,
  • public benefit funds,
  • renewable energy portfolio standards,
  • building codes, and
  • interconnection standards.

The table and maps are available at:

State Clean Energy-Environment Technical Forum

EPA has updated information from the State Clean Energy-Environment Technical Forum, a series of conference calls that fosters peer-to-peer exchanges among state officials on policy design, implementation, and evaluation issues related to their efforts to advance clean energy. Information on the site now includes materials from the calls held in 2006, which included discussions of:

  • state lead by example programs,
  • energy efficiency portfolio standards,
  • output based regulation,
  • integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and carbon capture and storage,
  • clean distributed generation, and
  • clean energy tax incentives.

The new resources are available at:

State and local officials interested in additional information about developing and implementing cost-effective clean energy and environmental strategies that help further environmental and clean energy goals and achieve public health and economic benefits may visit:

State by State: What's being Done?

CRS Report: Climate Change - Action by States to Address Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Map of State Climate Action Plans:


Back to TopBack to Top


Carbon Policy

A Better Shade of Green
Renewable forms of energy have their place in meeting our needs, and putting a price on carbon dioxide emissions will make them more economically appealing. A New York Times Editorial by J. Wayne Leonard.

The Clean Air Act: Jump-Starting Climate Action
The next U.S. president should not wait for Congress to act on climate-change legislation. Instead, he should make use of the Clean Air Act to begin controlling greenhouse gas emissions and to implement a national cap-and-trade program.
By Michael Northrop and David Sassoon, courtesy of Yale Environment 360

Of Babies and Bathwater: Why the Clean Air Act's Cooperative Federalism Framework is Useful for Addressing Global Warming
From the UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper Series, by Holly Doremus and W. Michael Hanemann

Lieberman-Warner lesson: Making cap-and-trade 'simpler' isn't so easy
Global warming legislation faces many obstacles on its way to passage. But none may be bigger than the size and complexity associated with a cap-and-trade program that budget experts say could cost trillions of dollars over its half-century lifetime.
By Darren Samuelsohn, E&E Daily senior reporter

Containing Climate Change: An Opportunity for U.S. Leadership
By Carter F. Bales and Richard D. Duke; from Foriegn Affairs.

Revenue Recycling Alternatives
By Peter Barnes of the Tomales Bay Institute. [PDF/79KB]

Everyone's Business: Working Towards Sustainability Through Environmental Stewardship and Collaboration
From the National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT) [PDF/1.05MB]

The European Union's Emissions Trading System in Perspective
By A. Denny Ellerman and Paul L. Joskow of MIT, courtesy of the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. [PDF/500KB]

Investing in a Green Economy
Using Cap and Trade Auction Revenue to Help American Families and Spur Clean Energy Innovation
From the center for American Progress [PDF/1.6MB]

On Carbon, Tax and Don't Spend
Carbon tax discussions always seem to devolve into gleeful suggestions for ways to spend the revenue, but policymakers must be prevented from turning the tax into a cash cow.
An editorial by Monica Prasad, courtesy of the New York Times

Policy Options for Reducing CO2 Emissions
A report from the United States Congress; Congressional Budget Office [PDF/662KB]

Economic View: A Carbon Cap That Starts in Washington
While a binding global agreement would be the best way to cut back on carbon emissions, a more limited approach is wending its way through Congress.
By Judith Chevaliar, courtesy of the New York Times

Report Charts 'Cleaner, Cheaper, Smarter' Path on Global Warming Policy

Washington, DC-Capping emissions and making polluters pay for putting global warming emissions into the atmosphere is the most economically efficient and fair approach to cutting global warming pollution nationwide, according to a new report released today by the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (U.S. PIRG).

Cleaner, Cheaper, Smarter: The Case for Auctioning Pollution Allowances in a Global Warming Cap-and-Trade Program recommends that the United States and any state or region contemplating a cap-and-trade program sell 100 percent of pollution permits - called "allowances" - at an auction as opposed to giving them to emitters for free. U.S. PIRG also released a statement signed by more than 100 organizations and individuals, including former Labor Secretary Robert Reich, the Consumer Federation of America,, and OXFAM, calling for a 100 percent auction.

"Giving away pollution allowances absolves polluters of their responsibility and even provides some polluters with a new opportunity to profit," said Tony Dutzik, Senior Policy Analyst for the Frontier Group and an author of the report. "Auctioning allowances, on the other hand, ensures that all polluters pay based on the amount of pollution they release."

The report also recommends that revenues from the auction be used to:
* Support clean energy technological development, including research and development funding and early market support for clean technologies;
* Invest in energy efficiency improvements to reduce the cost of the program to consumers; and
* Provide direct consumer rebates to alleviate any increases in energy costs that result from the program.

"The smartest, cheapest way to tackle global warming is to place a stringent cap on emissions and to make companies pay for every ton of pollution they put into the atmosphere," said Rob Sargent, Energy Program Director for U.S. PIRG. "We can use the revenues to ease the transition to a clean energy economy by promoting energy conservation, clean energy and other measures that lower the cost of meeting the challenge of global warming."

The report asserts that the auctioning of allowances prevents polluters from gaining "windfall" profits as a result of an emissions trading program. Europe's emission trading system, which includes free distribution of the vast majority of allowances, has resulted in power plant owners receiving billions of dollars in windfall profits from the pollution program. In the United Kingdom alone, windfall profits from emission trading have been estimated at nearly $2 billion. These profits come directly from the pocketbooks of consumers.

"The decision of how to distribute pollution permits is one of the most important that policy-makers will make on climate change policy," said Dallas Burtraw, Senior Fellow with Resources for the Future and a national expert on the economics of cap-and-trade programs. Burtraw is currently advising Northeast States on the design of an auction for the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, which caps power sector emissions in nine Northeast states, and he recently served on California's advisory committee for cap-and-trade programs. "Households bear eight times as much cost as do producers under a cap-and-trade program, and households should be first in line for the assignment of allowance value created by a cap-and-trade program, as long as that is achieved in a way that reinforces climate goals. An auction can accomplish that."

"Auctioning allowances is important to ensuring that we reduce the impact to consumers and provide important public benefits," said Mark Cooper, Research Director at Consumer Federation of America. "Returning some of the auction revenue directly to consumers will cushion any price impacts from the effort to cap global warming emissions while giving American households a direct and tangible benefit from the program."

In addition to auctioning allowances, U.S. PIRG recommends that federal, state and regional policy-makers adopt complementary policies that further reduce global warming emissions, including stronger energy efficiency standards for vehicles and equipment, enhanced building energy codes, renewable energy standards for electricity generation, global warming performance standards for electricity generation and transportation fuels, and incentives for deployment of clean energy technologies, such as solar power and "zero-energy" homes.

The Power in the Carbon Tax
By John D. Dingell, courtesy of the Washington Post



Energy Subsidies

United Nations calls for reforms of International Energy Subsidies
Reforming environmentally harmful energy subsidies will need to play a central role in moving the world onto a more sustainable development path.

EIA study of federal electric power subsidies:

Subsidy research by Doug Koplow of Earth Track:

The 10 Most Distortionary Energy Subsidies:

How to Reform Federal Energy Subsidies:

The Best Energy Bill Corporations Could Buy
On July 28, the U.S. House of Representatives voted 275 to 156 to approve the energy bill; on July 29, the US Senate voted 74 to 26 to approve it. And on August 8, 2005, President Bush signed the final bill into law. [PDF/117KB]

Federal Fossil Fuel Subsidies And Greenhouse Gas Emissions:
A Case Study of Increasing Transparency for Fiscal Policy
By Doug Koplow and John Dernbach [PDF/293KB]

Federal Subsidies to Energy in 2003 - A First Look
A memo to Jason Grumet and Drew Kodjak, National Commission on Energy Policy from Doug Koplow, Earth Track, Inc. [PDF/103KB]

Leveling the Playing Field for Recycling
A Policy Report on Virgin Material Subsidies from the National Recycling Coalition [PDF/257KB]

World Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Global Carbon Emissions in a Model with Interfuel Substitution
By Bjorn Larsen [PDF/1MB]

Subsidies and the Environment: The State of Knowledge
By Gareth Porter; Porter Consultants Inc. [PDF/307KB]

An Overview of Senate Energy Bill Subsidies to the Fossil Fuel Industry
By Aileen Roder, Program Director, Taxpayers for Common Sense [PDF/40KB]




Geo-Engineering - Giving Us Time to Act?
The Institution's latest report: Geo-Engineering – Giving us time to act? argues that geo-engineering could be another potential component in our approach to climate change that could provide the world with extra time to decarbonise the global economy.



International Collaboration

The Pew Center on Global Climate Change and the Asia Society's Center on U.S.-China relations has published a "concrete roadmap for U.S.-China collaboration focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the effects of climate change." Read the Full Report here.

Experts in U.S. and China See a Chance for Cooperation Against Climate Change
Experts from both countries say political leaders recognize that a new international climate treaty is impossible without agreements between the two nations. By Edward Wong and Andrew C. Revkin, courtesy of the New York Times

The Wirth Chair at the University of Colorado and the Aspen Institute co-sponsored a symposium in January at the Institute's Wye River conference center to discuss the international institutions that will be necessary to administer a global climate agreement. The agenda and presentations can be found at this site:

From the UN Environment and Energy Group
Key Issues in International Climate Negotiations

High Expectations: Which signals will the new administration send to the international community?
After years of stalemate in the international climate negotiations, the inauguration of a new U.S. president presents an opportunity for a genuine breakthrough. Both John McCain and Barack Obama support mandatory limits on U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, and both favor renewed international engagement.
By Elliot Diringer, Pew Center on Global Climate Change

U.S. Global Leadership to Safeguard our Climate, Security, and Economy
The Better World Campaign works to strengthen the relationship between the United States and the United Nations through outreach, communications, and advocacy. We encourage U.S. leadership to enhance the UN's ability to carry out its invaluable international work on behalf of peace, progress, freedom, and justice.
A paper by Nigel Purvis of The Better World Campaign [PDF/1.7MB]

Tony Blair and The Climate Group have commissioned a series of detailed briefing papers on core issues relevant to the international climate debate. They can be found at the Breaking the Climate Deadlock website:

World Bank Criticized on Environmental Efforts
The World Bank and its partners need to do a far better job of considering the environmental effects of projects they finance in poor countries, its internal review group said.
By Andrew C. Revkin, courtesy of the New York Times

India Tackles Climate Change with Renewable Energy
Solar power and other renewable energy sources will get priority under India's climate action plan [PDF/15.9MB] unveiled by prime minister Manmohan Singh in Delhi on June 30, 2008. The plan does not commit to a target for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, placing a greater emphasis on continued economic growth. However, it does seek to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and increase energy efficiency.

China Grabs West's Smoke-Spewing Factories
In its rush to recreate the industrial revolution that made the West rich, China has absorbed most of the major industries that once made the West dirty.
By Joseph Kahn and Mark Landler, courtesy of the New York Times

U.S. states such as California and New York joined forces with New Zealand, Norway and a slew of European countries and Canadian provinces to form the International Carbon Action Partnership to battle climate change.

Framework for a Post-2012 Agreement on Climate Change
Prepared by The Global Leadership for Climate Action [PDF/217KB]

Cleaning Up China
China's government bears primary responsibility for failing to address the devastating environmental consequences of its breakneck growth.
A New York Times Editorial

State to Bolster Ties With Germany
Cooperation on global warming is pledged after the governor of California meets with the European nation's foreign minister.
By Marc Lifsher, courtesy of The Los Angeles Times

UN Launches Climate Change Website
The United Nations (UN) has launched a new website which highlights the work of the various agencies of the UN system on climate change. The site includes recent climate news, webcasts, fact sheets, IPCC reports and other publications.

Bush Sets Emissions Summit
World Powers Are Invited to Discuss Climate Change, Growth
By Michael A. Fletcher, courtesy of The Washington Post

Measuring the Clean Development Mechanism's Performance and Potential
By Michael Wara, Program on Energy and Sustainable Development; Stanford University.

U.S. Federal Climate Policy and Competitiveness Concerns: The Limits and Options of International Trade Law
Prepared by the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University

CRS Report: Climate Change -- The Kyoto Protocol and International Actions


Back to TopBack to Top



California Aims to Concentrate Growth to Cut Use of Cars
High-Density Development May Get Dibs on Funds
California is poised to pass the first law in the nation linking greenhouse gas emissions to urban planning, a departure from the growth approach that spawned the state's car culture and urban sprawl.
By Ashley Surdin, courtesy of the Washington Post

U.S. Airlines Under Pressure To Fly Greener
Carriers Already Trying to Save Fuel as Europe Proposes Plan
By By Del Quentin Wilber, courtesy of the Washington Post

If motorists used rechargeable "plug-in" hybrid-electric vehicles in large numbers, the U.S. could see a significant drop in greenhouse gas emissions by the middle of the century, says a study released Thursday.
We've also included an Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles obtained from the Electric Power Research Institute.

High Speed Rail and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the U.S.
A 2003 report prepared jointly by Center for Clean Air Policy and the Center for Neighborhood Technology

High Speed Ground Transportation for America
A 1997 report from the U.S. Department of Transportation

The Green Road Less Traveled
By Thomas L. Friedman of the New York Times
The more we globalize clean-power standards the more we play to the strengths of the American economy.

Say 'Hybrid' and Many People Will Hear 'Prius'
By Micheline Maynard of the NY Times
One reason for the success of the Toyota Prius may be that buyers want everyone to know they are driving a hybrid.

Op-Ed Contributor: Clear Up the Congestion-Pricing Gridlock
By Ken Livingstone; courtesy of the New York Times
Success in London suggests that properly executed congestion pricing works, and works well

Bush Calls for Work for Higher Fuel Efficiency
By Jim Rutenburg and Edmund L. Andrews of the NY Times
President Bush said nothing would be put into effect until the regulatory process was completed, just weeks before the end of his term.

Combating Global Warming Through Sustainable Surface Transportation Policy
Prepared for Transit Cooperative Research Program
Transportation Research Board
National Research Council
Center for Neighborhood Technology
Chicago, Illinois
March 2003

New Publication: Win-Win Transportation Solutions
Todd Litman of the Victoria Transport Policy Institute has just released a report on transportation programs and policy reforms that can support environmental, social, and economic goals - a triple bottom line.
As he writes in the introduction, "This paper identifies more than a dozen [...] cost-effective, technically feasible policy reforms and programs that help solve transport problems by improving transport options and correcting market distortions that result in economically excessive motor vehicle travel. These are considered "no regrets" strategies because they are justified even if the severity of environmental and social risks is uncertain."
Download the Full Report [PDF/261KB]

On February 5, 2007, U.S, Transportation Secretary Mary Peters unveiled a $67 billion fiscal year (FY) 2008 Budget to fund the nation's roadways, rail and air transportation. The proposal includes $9.4 billion for transit, $40.3 billion for highways, resources for cleaner buses, reduced support for Amtrak passenger rail and a $175 million initiative to reduce traffic congestion.


Back to TopBack to Top


Energy Policy

A Sub-Prime Energy Future?
At the very time that Wall Street financiers are staggering around dazed and confused in the rubble of a smoke-and-mirrors game gone terribly awry, the oil industry and its political allies are selling Americans another sub-prime investment. A Field and Stram Guest Editorial by Larry Schweiger, President of the NWF

The Renewable Energy Data Book
by Elizabeth Beckert and Anne Jakle, courtesy of the U.S. Department of Energy

Capturing the Energy Opportunity: Creating a Low-Carbon Economy
By John Podesta, Todd Stern, and Kit Batten of the Center for American Progress; November 2007 [PDF/3MB]

As Oil Giants Lose Influence, Supply Drops
Though eager to expand, the major Western oil companies are finding it harder than ever to find new prospects.
By Jad Mouawad, courtesy of The New York Times

Obama Says Energy Compromise Is Necessary
Sen. Barack Obama on Saturday said a shift in his stance on offshore oil drilling is a necessary compromise with Republicans to gain their support for his broader goals of energy independence.
By Jonathan Weisman, courtesy of The Washington Post

A Push to Wrest More Oil From Land, but Most New Wells Are for Natural Gas
While those hoping to lower prices at the pump are clamoring for new oil, most of the new onshore drilling of the past seven years has produced natural gas, not oil.
By Felicity Barringer, courtesy of The New York Times

American Energy Policy, Asleep at the Spigot
Today's oil crisis could have been foreseen, but analysts say chances to head it off were ignored, missed or blocked.
By Nelson D. Schwartz, courtesy of the New York Times

Europe Turns Back to Coal, Raising Climate Fears
European countries plan to use coal, generally the dirtiest fuel on earth, in new power plants.
By Elisabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of the New York Times

Oil Has Two Potential Futures; Shell Strategist Says
As oil prices hit $117 a barrel this month, a forecast from Shell Oil outlines two very different possibilities for the future of the world's energy supply.
Courtesy of National Public Radio

Barreling Along: The Big Thirst
Oil's future is murky. With China and India rising, the supply question looms.
By Jad Mouawad, courtesy of the New York Times

The Next President's First Task [A Manifesto]
By Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
Courtesy of Vanity Fair
May 2008 Issue

Global Warming has a New Battleground: Coal Plants
Environmental lawyers make a concentrated effort to stop new ones from being built; a coalition claims 65 victories in the last year. But industry groups are fighting back.
By Judy Pasternak ~ Los Angeles Times Staff Writer

Iraq's Insurgency Runs on Stolen Oil Profits
The sea of oil under Iraq is supposed to rebuild the nation, but fuel shipments often get diverted to the black market.
By Richard Oppel Jr., courtesy of the New York Times

Making the Most of the World's Energy Resources
New research from the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) reveals that global energy demand is on a path to grow by 2.2 percent a year over the next 15 years. MGI's analysis also highlights a number of substantial, economically viable, and technologically proven opportunities to boost energy productivity and to slow growth in demand. To capture these opportunities, it will be necessary to remove existing policy distortions, to make the pricing and use of energy more transparent, and to deploy demand-side energy policies (such as building codes and efficiency standards) selectively. Taking these steps will require political will. But the prize-less pressure on global energy supplies-will make the effort worthwhile.

A Solar Grand Plan
By 2050 solar power could end U.S. dependence on foreign oil and slash greenhouse gas emissions
By Ken Zweibel, James Mason and Vasilis Fthenakis, courtesy of Scientific American

What's Your Consumption Factor?
The world has serious consumption problems, but we can solve them if we choose to do so.
A New York Times Editorial by Jared Diamond

Food and Fuel Compete for Land
For years, cheap food and feed were taken for granted in the United States. Now the price of some foods is rising sharply, and a blame alert is under way.
By Andrew Martin, courtesy of the New York Times

As Ethanol Takes Its First Steps, Congress Proposes a Giant Leap
Congress is on the verge of telling American business to create a huge new industry capable of converting agricultural wastes and other plant material into automotive fuel.
By Clifford Crause, courtesy of the New York Times

Renewable Electricity Standard Good News for Economy, EnergyConsumers, and CO2 Reduction
For Immediate Release
New ACEEE Study Finds RES Cuts Consumer Energy Bills and Carbon Dioxide While Stimulating Job Growth

Washington, D.C. (December 5, 2007): A new comprehensive analysis of the Renewable Electricity Standard (RES) in the pending House and Senate energy legislation shows that, if adopted, the RES would cut consumer energy bills and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions as well as stimulate job growth.
Courtesy of The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

Critics Assail Weak Dollar at OPEC Event
A meeting of the heads of state of the OPEC countries ended on a political note, with two leaders blaming the weakness of the U.S. dollar for high oil prices.
By Jad Muawad, courtesy of the New York Times

A Deeply Green City Confronts Its Energy Needs and Nuclear Worries
Two proposed zero-carbon energy projects are exposing the hard place that communities like Fort Collins, Colo., are likely to confront in years to come.
By Kirk Johnson, courtesy of the New York Times

The Energy Department has fallen behind on its plans to consolidate storage of nuclear bomb fuel and other high-risk materials, according to a government report.
By Matthew Wald, courtesy of the New York Times

The Energy Challenge: Fight Against Coal Plants Draws Diverse Partners
An increasingly vocal and potent anti-coal movement in the West includes ranchers, farmers and religious groups.
By Susan Moran, courtesy of The New York Times

Power Plant Rejected Over Carbon Dioxide For First Time
The Kansas Department of Health and Environment yesterday became the first government agency in the United States to cite carbon dioxide emissions as the reason for rejecting an air permit for a proposed coal-fired electricity generating plant, saying that the greenhouse gas threatens public health and the environment.
By Steven Mufson, courtesy of The Washington Post

A Quest for Energy in the Globe's Remote Places
As global demand soars and prices rise, energy companies are going to the ends of the earth to find new supplies.
By Jad Mouawad, courtesy of The New York Times

Coal is cheap, but can we afford it?
Go to this new report by Architecture 2030 for its ideas on how to replace coal with efficiency in America's energy system. [PDF/2MB]

Coal Rush Reverses, Power Firms Follow
Plans for New Plants Stalled by Growing Opposition
The mayor of Missoula, Montana, is the latest person to discover just how unpopular coal plants have become.
By Steven Mufson, courtesy of The Washington Post

Winning the Oil End Game; Innovation for Profits, Jobs, and Security
A report by Amory B. Lovins that describes a strategy for ending U.S. oil imports.

In Search of Cheney's 'Virtue'
By Nicholas D. Kristof, courtesy of The New York Times
Dick Cheney once scoffed that energy conservation can be a "personal virtue" but is no basis for an energy policy. Growing evidence suggests he had it exactly wrong.

Energy Bill Adopted by House Requires Utilities to Use Renewable Power Sources
By John M. Broder, courtesy of the New York Times
The House passed a wide-ranging energy bill on Saturday that will require most utilities to produce 15 percent of their electricity from renewable sources like wind and solar power. President Bush has vowed to veto the bill because it does nothing to encourage increased domestic production of oil and gas.

The Energy Innovation Imperative Addressing Oil Dependence, Climate Change, and Other 21st Century Energy Challenges
An article from John P. Holdren [PDF/208KB]

Net Energy/Full Cost Accounting: A Framework for Evaluating Energy Options and Climate Change Strategies
By Robert Costanza and Cutler Cleveland

Tackling Climate Change in the U.S.
American Solar Energy Society's roadmap for sustainable carbon reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by 2030[PDF/8.5MB]

Energy Policy: Conceptual Framework and Continuing Issues [PDF/120KB]
A report for Congress by the Congressional Research Service.

Analysing Our Energy Future: some pointers for Policy-Makers
This report is a non-technical summary of the International Energy Agency's latest World Energy Outlook.

The National Commission on Energy Policy has issued new and more aggressive recommendations to the President and the 110th Congress to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. - Provides free video access to events related to energy and environmental policy




CBPP: Lessons from Telephone Lifeline Program Add to Concerns About Using Utilities to Deliver Climate Rebates
Protecting the budgets of low-income consumers is a critical issue in the design of climate-change legislation. The climate change bill recently debated in the Senate proposed delivering assistance to low-income consumers primarily through local utility companies. However, evidence from the only existing federal program that delivers low-income assistance through utility companies - the Lifeline program for telephone service - strongly suggests that an untried utility-based mechanism would miss large numbers of consumers who could be reached using proven alternatives.

On June 17th, 2008 the Congressional Budget Office issued a letter related to cap-and-trade programs for carbon dioxide emissions and two statements by CBO Director Orszag related to health care costs and the nation's long-term budget outlook. The letter to Senator Jeff Bingaman can be found on CBO's Web site here:

Cap and Trade: The Economic Fairness Issue
In this essay, Alan Durning, executive director of the Sightline Institute, argues that Cap and Dividend can "offset some of the unfairness of climate change itself."
Courtesy of the Sightline Institute

Designing Climate-Change Legislation That Shields Lowincome Households From Increased Poverty And Hardship
By Robert Greenstein, Sharon Parrott, and Arloc Sherman

Trade-Offs in Allocating Allowances for CO2 Emissions
A series of issue summaries from the Congressional Budget Office


Back to TopBack to Top


Energy Efficiency

Global Business Consortium Strives to Make Communications Networks 1000 Times More Energy Efficient
Bell Labs has organized Green Touch™, a global consortium whose goal is to create the technologies needed to make communications networks 1000 times more energy efficient than they are today. This 1000-fold efficiency target is based on research from Bell Labs that determined that today's information and communication technology networks have the potential to be 10,000 times more efficient than they are today. A thousand-fold reduction is roughly equivalent to being able to power the world's communications networks, including the Internet, for three years using the same amount of energy that it currently takes to run them for a single day. To support its objectives the Green Touch Initiative will deliver—within five years—a reference network architecture and demonstrations of the key components required to realize this improvement.
Courtesy of GreenTouch, January 11, 2010

U.S. Can Save Nearly $170 Billion with National Standard for Energy Efficiency (EERS)
Energy efficiency initiatives that reward consumers and businesses for reducing electricity and gas usage could result in utility bill savings of $168.6 billion, according to a report released today by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE).

How IT Can Cut Carbon Emissions
Information and communications technologies are becoming a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. However, our research suggests that these technologies could help to eliminate up to 15 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions-five times more than our estimate of the emissions they may cause.
Courtesy of

Why Biogas Is a 'Second Crop' American Farmers Must Consider
A report by The Sopris Foundation to the Presidential Climate Action Project (PCAP)
By Piper Foster [PDF/3MB]

How the World Should Invest in Energy Efficiency
Boosting energy efficiency will help stretch energy resources and slow down the increase in carbon emissions. It will also create opportunities for businesses and consumers to invest $170 billion a year from now until 2020, at a 17 percent average internal rate of return.

What is the potential for "Grey Energy" -- recycling energy waste from the nation's industrial sector? The Atlantic looks at the potential:

The Case for Investing in Energy Productivity
A report from the McKinsey Global Institute ~ February 2008 [PDF/1.8MB]

Our Towns: The Power Grid Game: Choose a Catastrophe
Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo of New York wants to close the Indian Point nuclear power plant. But doing so raises some vexing questions.
By Peter Applebome, courtesy of the New York Times

Oil-Rich Nations Use More Energy, Cutting Exports
Several nations that are large suppliers may start importing oil within a decade, adding strains to the global market.
By Clifford Krausse, courtesy of the New York Times

UN Foundation: Nations Should Double Their Energy Efficiency
According to a study commissioned by the United Nations Foundation, leading industrial nations--the G8 and Plus 5 countries in particular--could avert the most serious climate effects by reducing carbon levels, simply by cutting wasted energy. The report says that the world's most powerful nations need to double their annual rate of improvements in energy efficiency to 2.5 percent per year. If they do that, the report says, the global amount of carbon dioxide and carbon dioxide equivalents in the atmosphere could be kept below 550 parts per million (ppm). The report finds that an investment of 3.2 trillion in energy efficiency programs, technologies and upgrades would be needed, but $ 3 trillion in new power plants could be avoided. The difference--the $200 billion--would be made up by reduced energy bills. Energy efficiency improvements would pay for themselves in 3-5 years, meaning businesses and consumers would quickly see lower energy bills. [PDF/2.3MB]

Incredible Shrinking Packages
By Claudia H. Deutsch of the NY Times
More companies are cutting down on packaging to reduce expenses and address growing environmental concerns.

State and Regional Policies that Promote Energy Efficiency Programs by Electric and Gas Utilities

Energy Efficiency Policy Toolkit for Utilities: Regulatory Assistance Project [PDF/438KB]

State And Regional Policies That Promote Energy Efficiency Programs Carried Out By Electric And Gas Utilities [PDF/1MB]
A Report To The United States Congress
Pursuant To Section 139
Of The Energy Policy Act Of 2005
U.S. Department of Energy

State Policies for Financing Efficiency Resources: Financing Energy Efficiency [PDF/136KB]
Sept. 2006, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners

Europe's Problems Color U.S. Plans to Curb Carbon Gases
By Steven Mufson, courtesy of the Washington Post

Energy Information Administration's Annual Energy Outlook 2008

Energy Information Administration's Annual Energy Outlook 2007

U.S. Energy Dependence Undercutting U.S. National Security, Council Task Force Warns
A news release from the Council on Foreign Relations

CRS Report: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

What contribution can energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies make to reducing greenhouse gas emissions? According to researchers from several National Laboratories and expert groups, existing efficiency and renewable energy technologies can reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions as much as 44% below today's levels by 2030. Read their report at:


Back to TopBack to Top


Renewable Energy

A Comparative Review of a Dozen National Energy Plans: Focus on Renewable and Efficient Energy
Dozens of groups have submitted energy, environmental, and economic recovery plans for consideration by the Obama administration and the 111th Congress. This report provides a comparative analysis of 12 national proposals, focusing especially on energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) market and policy issues.
By Jeffrey Logan and Ted L. James, courtesy of NREL

Breaking Through on Technology
Overcoming the Barriers to the Development and Wide Deployment of Low-Carbon Technology
From The Center for American Progress and Global Climate Network

Governments Need to Lead the Breakthrough on Technology
Some will balk at the suggestion that government should have such a strong role in driving new, low-carbon technology. And yet our study shows that while there are some differences of view among public servants, politicians, and people in the private sector, the overwhelming conclusion is that governments have to steer the low-carbon technology revolution, and do so with more purpose than has hitherto been the case.
By John Podesta and Andrew Light of The Center for American Progress

How to Solve Global Warming for Half the Cost and Twice the Jobs as Dirty Energy
By Greenpeace and U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders
A report commissioned from the German Aerospace Center (the German equivalent of NASA) that shows how the United States can meet the energy needs of a growing economy and achieve science-based cuts in global warming pollution – without nuclear power or coal. The report, entitled "Energy [R]evolution," is co-authored by Greenpeace and EREC and includes a foreword by Dr. R.K. Pachauri, chairman of the Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). » Read the Full Report

Risk Governance Guidelines for Bioenergy Policies
This IRGC Policy Brief contains recommendations intended to assist decision-makers in developing the policiesand instruments essential to achieving the long-term potential of commercial bioenergy to contribute to the global needs to reduce fossil fuel dependency, lower greenhouse gas emissions and generate sustainable economic development in developing countries. [PDF/1.8MB]

Alternative Energy Suddenly Faces Headwinds
Renewable energy technologies are facing big challenges because of the credit freeze and plunge in oil and natural gas prices.
By Clifford Krauss, courtesy of The New York Times

20% Wind Energy by 2030
Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply.
A report from the U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Lab. (EERE) ~ May 2008

Pollution Is Called a Byproduct of a 'Clean' Fuel
Spills at the Alabama Biodiesel Corporation plant are similar to others that have come from biofuel plants in the Midwest.
By Brenda Goodman, courtesy of the New York Times

Oil in a PanThe Food Chain: A New, Global Oil Quandary: Costly Fuel Means Costly Calories
Demand for biofuels has created tension between using land to produce fuel and using it for food.
By Keith Bradsher, courtesy of the New York Times

EIA Report Underscores Benefits, Low Cost of a 25x'25 Energy Future
This report responds to a request by Senator James Inhofe for analysis of a "25-by-25" proposal that combines a requirement that a 25-percent share of electricity sales be produced from renewable sources by 2025 with a requirement that a 25-percent share of liquid transportation fuel sales also be derived from renewable sources by 2025. The electricity requirement is implemented as a renewable portfolio standard (RFS), while the motor fuel standard is implemented as a renewable fuel standard (RFS). The report provides a summary of the impacts of the Policy on U.S. energy markets and the economy through 2030.

Beyond Wind and Solar, a New Generation of Clean Energy
Oregon Iron Works has the feel of a World War II-era shipyard, with sparks flying from welders' torches and massive hydraulic presses flattening large sheets of metal. But this factory floor represents the cutting edge of American renewable-energy technology.
By Juliet Eilperin, courtesy of The Washington Post

What contribution can energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies make to reducing greenhouse gas emissions? According to researchers from several National Laboratories and expert groups, existing efficiency and renewable energy technologies can reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions as much as 44% below today's levels by 2030. Read their report at:

CRS Report: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

The Energy Challenge: Solar Power Wins Enthusiasts but Not Money
By Andrew C. Revkin and Matthew L. Wald, courtesy of the NY Times.
Experts say that moving solar energy from niche to mainstream is unlikely without big breakthroughs.

The Rising Tide of Corn
By Michael S. Rosenwald, courtesy of the Washington Post.

Delaware Energy Debate Could Turn on the Wind
By David A. Fahrenthold, courtesy of the Washington Post.

The Outlook on Renewable Energy in America Volume II: Joint Summary Report [PDF/1MB]
By The American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE)

Key Challenges in Developing Advanced Energy Technologies: General Accountability Office [PDF/1.56MB]

Current Federal R&D expenditures:

Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency
Funding for Renewable Energy and Efficiency Falls Far Short of Need

U.S. Energy Experts Announce Way to Freeze Global Warming
A press release from the American Solar Energy Society.


Back to TopBack to Top


Advanced Energy Technologies

Obama Administration Eyes New Nuclear Plants in Climate Battle
The Obama administration wants to help the nuclear industry build a power plant for the first time in years to help diversify U.S. energy supplies and fight climate change. Carol Browner, President Barack Obama's top energy and climate adviser at the White House says "The president believes that nuclear needs to be a part of our energy future. We have not built a nuclear plant in this country in a long time but we want to work with the industry to make that happen in the not too distant future. We have been working with the nuclear industry to understand exactly what it is they need."
Courtesy of Reuters, by Jeff Mason, January 11, 2010

Prospects for US Geothermal Energy from the New York Times
Deep in Bedrock, Clean Energy and Quake Fears

Nuclear Debate: Homer Simpson vs. Buckminster Fuller
By William Becker
Proponents of expanding nuclear power often quote one of the nation's premier energy experts, Homer Simpson, who once thanked the Lord "for nuclear power, the cleanest, safest energy source there is. Except for solar, which is just a pipe dream." [PDF/45KB]

Efforts to Harvest Ocean's Energy Open New Debate Front
In the coastal Northwest, the dispute over plans to use waves to generate electricity has become intense before the first megawatt has been transmitted to shore.
By William Yardley, courtesy of the New York Times

Is clean coal a plausible and timely way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?
Click here for a roundtable discussion sponsored by Resources for the Future.

MIT issues a report on "Future of Coal"
An interdisciplinary MIT faculty group examined the role of coal in a world where constraints on carbon dioxide emissions are adopted to mitigate global climate change.

Clean Coal Would Cost Billions

New Debate Over Nuclear Option
Supporters of nuclear energy say it's a safe, clean alternative to traditional sources. A new report argues it's not as clean as many think.

DOE Claims 900 Years of CO2 Storage Capacity in North America

The potentials and pitfalls of nuclear power in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
A new study by the Keystone Center. [PDF/2MB]

Water Issues May Jeopardize Role of Nuclear Energy



Business Opportunities

Sustainable Value: How the World's Leading Companies are Doing Well by doing Good, by Chris Laszlo (Stanford University Press, 2008) A book for managers who want the 'story' of environmental sustainability as well as compelling case studies accompanied by a structured guide to managing in the new business context.

A recent report from Innovest states that with the exception of Asia, companies in both North America and Europe, and in diverse industry sectors that are the leaders in managing their carbon intensity are financially outperforming their carbon management laggard competitors.

Many of World's Largest Companies Addressing Climate Change, Study Finds
A majority of the world's 500 largest publicly traded companies have implemented greenhouse-gas emission reduction plans, according to a study released Monday.
By Cassandra Sweet, courtesy of The Dow Jones Newswire.

In Nature's Casino
With the cost of natural disasters far beyond the insurance industry's ability to pay, a new market has sprung up to spread the risk. But how do you calculate the odds of catastrophe?
By Michael Lewis, courtesy of The New York Times

A Lloyd's Insurance Industry Report on Global Warming

J.P. Morgan is making its research available to the public on the investment opportunities involved in climate action. Its web site explains: "Our featured climate change investment research looks across sectors and asset classes to examine topics such as potential liabilities of carbon emissions, developments in sustainable and clean fuels, carbon capture, and cap and trading schemes. In particular, we concentrate on macro-economic, legislative and business developments and company valuations in light of current and proposed carbon operating constraints."

Getting Ahead of the Curve: Corporate Strategies That Address Climate Change
Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
October 2006

Companies Gear Up for Greenhouse Gas Limits
By Steven Mufson, courtesy of the Washington Post.

"Scaling Up: Global Technology Deployment to Stabilize Emission", World Resources Institute, April 2007

Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet
By Cornelia Dean of the NY Times
Ray Anderson wants his carpet tile company to become a sustainable operation that does no harm to the biosphere by 2020.

video icon

"Ahead of the Curve: Business Response to Climate Change": a 12-minute video from Sea Studios featuring interviews with several of the nation's top business leaders on the opportunities inherent in climate action and the steps their companies are taking:

Climate change is already affecting businesses in many industries around the world. But the risks of climate change also offer new competitive advantages. Gone is the tradeoff between the bottom line and the environment. Companies that develop climate change strategies now will be the financial leaders for decades to come.

In a new article published in the March 2007 edition of the Harvard Business Review, WRI's Jonathan Lash and Fred Wellington discuss how climate change can affect business and suggest a four-step process that will help manage the attendant risks and pursue the opportunities.

Citing a range of examples of very different companies - from Caterpillar to Wal-Mart to Goldman Sachs, the article argues that companies that manage and mitigate their exposure to climate change risks while seeking new opportunities for profit will generate a competitive advantage over rivals in a carbon-constrained future.

Natural Capitalism Solutions makes the business case for climate action:

The Business of Climate Change | Challenges and Opportunities
A report from John Llewellyn and Lehman Brothers


Back to TopBack to Top



Energy Independence is Within Reach: Mazria Unveils Blueprint at Historic Energy Summit
At a historic gathering of industry leaders, scientists, policy experts and elected officials, Edward Mazria laid out a path for US energy independence.

Architects and Climate Change
Buildings Account For Half Of All Greenhouse Gas Emissions
A report from the AIA

High Performance Building Position Statements
A report from the AIA

ERP Shows Promise as a Cost-Effective Stormwater Management Strategy
by Michael Crow, Laura Blake, and G. Tracy Mehan, III

Paving Our Way to Water Shortages: How Sprawl Aggravates the Effects of Drought

Buildings Can Play a Key Role in Combating Climate Change




Largest U.S. Farm Group Rallies Against Climate Bill
The 6 million-member American Farm Bureau Federation says it will oppose aggressively "misguided" climate legislation pending in Congress. The group claims that vast amounts of farmland could become carbon-capturing woodlands under cap-and-trade, "eliminating about 130,000 farms and ranches." One federal analysis says 8 percent of crop and pasture land could be turned into trees by 2050 because trees would be more profitable than crops.
Courtesy of Reuters, by Charles Abbott, January 12, 2010

Higher Yields of Trouble for Farmers
America's farmers, who must deal with great uncertainty even in the best of times, face a daunting future in a warming world. That is the sobering message for U.S. agriculture in a new report by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, "Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States." The report predicts that changes in climate "are likely to increasingly challenge the United States capacity to efficiently produce food, feed, fuel, and livestock products." The tumultuous future outlined by scientists in the climate impacts report in the absence of pollution reductions is a compelling reason for farmers and their representatives in Congress to support the American Clean Energy and Security Act.

From Wes Jackson, The Land Institute: The Next Fifty Years of Federal Farm Policy (a draft document for discussion)
To protect America's soils, waters and people, federal farm policy must change at its roots. A fundamental change is needed to revive rural communities eviscerated by farm policy of the past decades. [PDF/34KB]

The Food Issue: Farmer in Chief
What the next president can and should do to remake the way we grow and eat our food.
By Michael Pollan, courtesy of the New York Times

Can Weeds Help Solve the Climate Crisis?
Weedy ancestors of our food crops, some scientists predict, will cope far better with coming climatic changes than their domesticated descendants. By Tom Christopher, courtesy of the New York Times

The Food Chain: Environmental Cost of Shipping Groceries Around the World
Never has food moved around the world at the speed or in the amounts it has over the last few years. Now, many say it is time to make shippers and shoppers pay for the resulting pollution.
By Elisabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of the New York Times.

Bring on the Right Biofuels
Biofuels are suddenly being blamed for every global ill. Most of this, to borrow a farm image, is hogwash and bilge.
By Roger Cohen - An Editorial, courtesy of the New York Times

The Food Chain: A Drought in Australia, a Global Shortage of Rice
The collapse of Australia's rice production may foretell some of the effects of global warming on agriculture.
By Keith Bradsher, courtesy of the New York Times

The World Food Crisis
The United States and other developed countries need to step up to the plate to help solve the problem of rising food prices.
An Editorial, courtesy of the New York Times

The Food Chain: As Prices Rise, Farmers Spurn Conservation
Farmers are taking their fields out of a government conservation program that pays them not to cultivate.
By David Streitfeld, courtesy of he New York Times

Ethanol's Boom Stalling as Glut Depresses Price
An oversupply of ethanol is suddenly plaguing farmers, in part because distribution of the fuel has not kept pace with new distilleries.
By Clifford Krauss, courtesy of The New York Times

Harvest Season in Washington
By G. Tracy Mehan, III
Courtesy of The American Spectator | 9/24/2007

Reforming Agricultural Subsidies
"No Regrets" Policies for Livelihoods and the Environment


Awakening the Dead Zone:
An Investment for Agriculture, Water Quality, and Climate Change


Beyond the RFS:
The Environmental And Economic Impacts Of Increased Grain Ethanol Production In The U.S.


Conservation Best Management Practices:
Cost-Share, And Water Quality Trading Programs


Paying for Environmental Performance:
Investing In Farmers and The Environment

Agriculture and Climate Change:
The Policy Context


The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board Summary is also highly recommended - it can be downloaded at:

Sequestration News Feature: Black is the New Green
From the Nature Publishing Group

CCX Agricultural Soil Offsets
A report from the Chicago Climate Exchange

Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Agriculture
An article from the Encyclopedia of Earth.

Agriculture's Role in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
September 2006

Agricultural & Forestlands: U.S. Carbon Policy Strategies
Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
September 2006

A Handful of Carbon [PDF/1.02MB]
Locking carbon up in soil makes more sense than storing it in plants and trees that eventually decompose, argues Johannes Lehmann. Can this idea work on a large scale?

CRS Report: Climate Change - The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector


Back to TopBack to Top



The Copenhagen Diagnosis: Sobering Update on the Science
On the eve of the Copenhagen conference, a group of scientists has issued an update on the 2007 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Their conclusions? Ice at both poles is melting faster than predicted, the claims of recent global cooling are wrong, and world leaders must act fast if steep temperature rises are to be avoided.

Attributing Physical and Biological Impacts to Anthropogenic Climate Change
Anthropogenic climate change can be found in every continent and in most oceans, according to a paper published in Nature by team of 14 climate scientists. [PDF/5MB]

Climate change: Faster, Stronger, Sooner
Scientists report that global climate change is occurring even more rapidly than predicted by the IPCC.
[PDF/1MB] Courtesy of the WWF

Scientists Would Turn Greenhouse Gas Into Gasoline
Two scientists are introducing a concept, which they have patriotically named Green Freedom, for removing carbon dioxide from the air and turning it back into gasoline.
By Kenneth Chang, courtesy of The New York Times

Science and Technology for Sustainable Well-Being
A paper by John P. Holdren [PDF/1.17MB]
Courtesy of the author.

When It Rains, It Pours" Shows Global Warming's Effect On Rain, Storms, Floods
Storms with heavy rainfall are now 24 percent more frequent in the U.S. than they were 60 years ago, according to a new Environment America report released today. The report makes it clear that the United States is already experiencing extreme downpours much more frequently, consistent with scientists' predictions about global warming.
Courtesy of

U.N. Chief Seeks More Climate Change Leadership
In releasing a report on climate change, the U.N. secretary general called on the U.S. and China to play "a more constructive role."
By Elisabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of the New York Times

U.N. Report Describes Risks of Inaction on Climate Change
In its final and most powerful report, an international panel details mounting risks in specific and forceful language, scientists said.
By Elizabeth Rosenthal, courtesy of the New York Times

A Swiftly Melting Planet
In response to the new dangers of climate change, we need a mobilization of everyone with a stake in the future.
An New York Times Editorial by Thomas Homer-Dixon

Arctic Melt Unnerves the Experts
Scientists are concerned by this summer's massive polar ice melt and its implications for the future.
By Andrew C. Revkin, courtesy of the New York Times

Global Warming: How Do Scientists Know They're Not Wrong?
From catastrophic sea level rise to jarring changes in local weather, humanity faces a potentially dangerous threat from the changes our own pollution has wrought on Earth's climate. But since nothing in science can ever be proven with 100 percent certainty, how is it that scientists can be so sure that we are the cause of global warming?
By Andrea Thompson, Staff Writer

Breathing Earth
A flash presentation displaying the carbon dioxide emission levels of every country in the world, as well as their birth and death rates - all in real time.

In the Greenhouse: Confronting a Changing Climate
An article from the Washington Post containing excellent and clear graphics on the size of the carbon problem, how much has to be reduced, how the reduction should be distributed among nations, and the costs to consumers.

Climate Change and Trace Gases
A report by James Hansen, Makiko Sato, Pushker Kharecha, Gary Russell, David W. Lea, and Mark Siddall

Will Warming Lead to a Rise in Hurricanes?
By Cornelia Dean of the NY Times
As the annual hurricane season begins, scientists are pressing on a number of fronts to learn how to tell with greater precision when and where they will strike.

Joint science academies' statement on growth and responsibility: sustainability, energy efficiency and climate protection [PDF/168KB]
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences joined 12 other national science academies May 16 in calling on world leaders -- particularly G8 leaders who will meet in June -- to address global climate change and energy-access issues by promoting low carbon-emission energy systems and more efficient use of energy.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report was released April 6th, 2007.
For more information please visit The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change web site.

U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change

Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program for Fiscal Year 2007

CRS Report: Climate Change - Science and Policy Implications

RealClimate is a commentary site on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested public and journalists.

Climate Science Watch is a nonprofit public interest education and advocacy project dedicated to holding public officials accountable for the integrity and effectiveness with which they use climate science and related research in government policymaking, toward the goal of enabling society to respond effectively to the challenges posed by global warming and climate change.

New Alarms are Rung on Perils of Global Warming [PDF/23KB]
A 166-page report, two years in the making, forecasts a turbulent 21st century of rising seas, spreading drought and disease, weather extremes, and damage to farming, forests, fisheries and other economic areas. Read the Executive Summary. [PDF/3.2MB]

The United Nations Foundation and Sigma Xi, has released "Confronting Climate Change: Avoiding the Unmanageable and Managing the Unavoidable",
the final report of the Scientific Expert Group on Climate Change and Sustainable Development.
Download the Background and Summary [PDF/36KB]
Download the Executive Summary [PDF/3MB]
Download the Full Report [PDF/13MB]

Winter Warmest on Record Worldwide
By Randolph E. Schmid of the The Associated Press, courtesy of the Seattle Times

Antarctic Glaciers' Sloughing Of Ice Has Scientists at a Loss
By Marc Kaufman, courtesy of the Washington Post


Back to TopBack to Top


Climate Policy

Vital Climate Graphics from UNEP
Vital Climate Graphics are based on the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which was established by the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Meteorological Organization.

The UNEP Maps and Graphics library
An on-going project to collect and catalogue all graphic products that have been prepared for publications and web-sites from the last 15 years in a wide range of themes related to environment and sustainable development. There are currently 1372 graphics available in the database

Clean Air Jump Start
As the US political system finally gears up to address greenhouse gas emissions, Michael Northrop and David Sassoon argue that the basis for swift federal action is already in place: the Clean Air Act

Carbon Lock-In: Barriers To Deploying Climate Change Mitigation Technologies
A report prepared by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Global Warming Did It! Well, Maybe Not
We're stuck on the notion that climate change is the culprit every time a natural disaster strikes. But that's just muddying the waters.
By Joel Achenbach, courtesy of The Washington Post

Cost Containment Discussion Paper
A Call for Action from the United States Climate Action Partnership which recognizes that a robust, market-based cap-and-trade approach is the best way to contain the cost of reducing GHG emissions over the long term.

Is This Green Enough?
We Can Clean Up Our Act, But It'll Cost Us
By Steven Mufson, courtesy of the Washington Post

Climate Change White Paper: Appropriate Roles for Different Levels of Government
This paper is intended to foster discussion by raising key factors that should be considered in determining what roles are appropriate for each level of government.
From the U.S. Congress Committee on Energy and Commerce. [PDF/1MB]

White Paper: Competitiveness Concerns/Engaging Developing Countries
This White Paper discusses potential domestic legislative provisions that could encourage developing countries to curb their emissions of greenhouse gases.
From the U.S. Congress Committee on Energy and Commerce.

Climate Code Red: The Case for a Sustainablity Emergency
A report from David Spratt and Philip Sutton; Friends of The Earth, Austrialia. [PDF/1MB]

Climate-Related Legislation in the 110th Congress
Members of the 110th Congress are introducing legislation related to global climate change at a faster pace than any previous Congress. More »»
Prepared by The Pew center on Global Climate Change

Updated Comparison of Cap-and-Trade Legislation in Congress
Includes Legislation Introduced as of January 30, 2008
From The Pew center on Global Climate Change.

Government Science Panel Publishes Report on North America's Carbon Budget
The U.S. Climate Change Science Program has published a report that quantifies North America's net contribution of carbon to the atmosphere and catalogues sources and sinks of carbon on the continent.

John Holdren is the Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program at Harvard University. The following website outlines Professor Holdren's thoughts on Climate Change. (video included)

Has climate change already passed the point of no return?
Susan Joy Hassol, one of the country's premier climate communicators, addresses that and other critical technical questions in a paper produced for the Presidential Climate Action Project. [PDF/166KB]

A new study from the University of Maryland concludes that the cost of global warming will exceed its benefits. Click here for a region-by-region analysis of the costs of inaction.

Zero Emissions Needed to Avert 'Dangerous' Warming
By Catherine Brahic, courtesy of The New Scientist

Obama Proposes Capping Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Making Polluters Pay
Senator Barack Obama presented a plan on Monday to decrease the nation's dependence on foreign oil and fight global warming.
By Jeff Zeleny, courtesy of The New York Times

The staff of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce has produced a white paper on cap-and-trade, with a good description of the options for designing a carbon pricing regime.
Find it at:

Internalizing Carbon Costs in Electricity Markets
Using certificates in a load-based emissions trading scheme
Several western states have stated their intention to develop a regulatory approach to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electric power industry, referred to as a load-based cap-and-trade scheme. A load-based (LB) approach differs from the traditional source-based (SB) cap-and-trade approach in that the emission reduction obligation is placed upon Load Serving Entities (LSEs), rather than electric generators. The LB approach can potentially reduce the problem of emissions leakage, relative to a source-based system. For any of these proposed LB schemes to be effective, they must be compatible with modern, and increasingly competitive, wholesale electricity markets. LSE's are unlikely to know the emissions associated with their power purchases. Therefore, a key challenge for a LB scheme is how to assign emissions to each LSE. This paper discusses the problems with one model for assigning emissions under a LB scheme and proposes an alternative, using unbundled Generation Emission Attribute Certificates. By providing a mechanism to internalize an emissions price signal at the generator dispatch level, the tradable certificate model addresses both these problems and provides incentives identical to a SB scheme.

The Truth About Denial
Courtesy of Newsweek/MSNBC
Sen. Barbara Boxer had been chair of the Senate's Environment Committee for less than a month when the verdict landed last February. "Warming of the climate system is unequivocal," concluded a report by 600 scientists from governments, academia, green groups and businesses in 40 countries.

Climate Bill Shaves $533 Billion Off Economy
By Reuters, courtesy of The New York Times
A Senate bill to cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions would raise energy prices and also reduce American economic output by more than half a trillion dollars over two decades, according to a government report released on Monday.

Design To Win
Philanthropy's Role In The Fight Against Global Warming
A report from The California Environmental Associates, August 2007

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals
A report from the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change

High Stakes: Designing emissions pathways to reduce the risk of dangerous climate change.
By Dr. Paul Baer with Dr. Michael Mastrandrea

Future of Clean Energy - By Richard Kelly
Courtesy of the Denver Post
After years of scientific research and public debate, America has reached the practical consensus that we must address climate change. View Full Story.

Agenda for Climate Action
Prepared by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
February 2006

Adaptation to Climate Change: International Policy Options
Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
November 2006

Scientists Back Off Theory of a Colder Europe in a Warming World
By Walter Gibbs of the NY Times
Climatologists said in February it was "very unlikely" that the crucial flow of warm water to Europe known as the North Atlantic Current would stall in this century.

Congressional Budget Office releases study on economic impact of cap-and-trade
On April 25, the U.S. Congressional Budget Office released a brief on how the allocation of emission limits under a national cap-and-trade system is likely to impact the overall cost of such a policy to the U.S. economy. As others have said, the devil is in the details when it comes to structuring cap-and-trade programs. Fortunately, it seems, the process of working out the details has begun.
* PDF copy available here:

Congressional Budget Office: Limiting Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Prices Versus Caps

Congressional Testimony Regarding The Effects of Global Warming
February 28, 2007

Evaluating the Role of Prices and R&D in Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions
Congressional Budget Office — September 2006 [PDF/765KB]

U.S. Supreme Court tells Bush administration it has authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from cars

What Now For Our Feverish Planet?
Courtesy of Time Magazine

CRS Report: Climate Change - Design Approaches for a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program

CRS Report: Climate Change - Science and Policy Implications

Are Big Enviro Groups 'Holding Back' Anti-Warming Movement?
While the U.S. government and some corporations are finally acknowledging global climate change, some critics say partnering with such forces may "tame" the movement's goals and strategies.

Al Gore's Carbon Solution Won't Stop Climate Change
These days, everyone thinks that carbon trading is the solution to our climate crisis -- from Congress members to Al Gore to the folks organizing the Oscars. Here's why they are wrong and what we can do instead.

Policy recommendations of the U.S. Climate Action Partnership:

On March 13th, 2007 the British Government published a draft Climate Change Bill - the first of its kind in the world - for pre-legislative scrutiny and debate and for public consultation. The draft bill can be found at:

At the same the British Government published a strategy document which sets out how the draft Bill fits into the UK's broader strategy for tackling climate change. Find the strategy document here. [PDF/322KB]


Back to TopBack to Top



Past Decade the Hottest on Record
The first decade of the twenty-first century was the hottest since recordkeeping began in 1880. With an average global temperature of 58.1 degrees Fahrenheit, this decade was 0.36 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than any previous decade. The year 2005 was the hottest on record, while 2007 and 2009 tied for second hottest. In fact, 9 of the 10 warmest years on record occurred in the past decade. Temperature rise has accelerated in recent decades. The earth's temperature is now 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit higher than it was in the first decade of the twentieth century, and two-thirds of that increase has taken place since 1970. If temperatures continue to rise on their current trajectory, by the end of the century they will have left the narrow range in which human civilization has developed and flourished. Courtesy of the Earth-Policy Institute, by Amy Heinzerling, January 14, 2010

U.S. Cult of Greed Is Now a Global Environmental Threat and From Madison Avenue to Mad Max?
The average American consumes more than his or her weight in products each day, fueling a global culture of excess that is emerging as the biggest threat to the planet, according to a new report "State of the World 2010" by the Worldwatch Institute. The typical American consumes an average of 194 pounds of stuff daily-more than most Americans weigh. If the whole world lived like this, Earth could sustain only 1.4 billion people, or just a fifth of the current population. The report says the cult of consumption and greed could wipe out any gains from government action on climate change or a shift to a clean energy economy. Without an intentional cultural shift that values sustainability over consumerism, no government pledges or technological advances will be enough to rescue humanity from unacceptably hazardous environmental and climate risks. Courtesy of the Guardian, by Suzanne Goldenberg, and Worldwatch Institute

Establishing Markets For Ecological Services: Beyond Water Quality To A Complete Portfolio
A paper outlining the process of creating markets for ecosystem services. [PDF/122KB]

Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate
A new report commissioned by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program on the link between domestic weather extremes and climate change.

Full Disclosure: An Executive Order to Require Consideration of Global Warming Under the National Environmental Policy Act

An Executive Order would clarify what is already a requirement under NEPA- that federal agencies can and should explicitly assess the implications of their actions for greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. Read More »



EPA Climate Change Glossary

A Glossary of Climate Change Terms — courtesy of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.



International Engagement

Fuel Subsidies Overseas Take a Toll on U.S.
To understand why fuel prices in the United States have soared over the last year, it helps to talk to the captain of a battered wooden freighter here.
By Keith Bradsher, courtesy of the New York Times

July 16, 2008 - The Government of Australia today released its green paper (Green Paper) on a national emissions trading scheme, called the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme. The Green Paper provides the first detailed indications of the Australian Government's thinking on scheme design. In brief, the Green Paper proposes that the key elements of the Scheme will be:
• an intention to commence the scheme in 2010;
• coverage at scheme commencement to include stationary energy, industrial processes, waste, transport; with forestry being included on an 'opt-in' basis and the Government being disposed to include agriculture at a later stage;
• unlimited banking of issued permits and a limited degree of borrowing;
• auctioning of the majority of permits initially, moving to 100% over the long term;
• acceptance of international Kyoto units but no initial endorsement of Australia hosting Joint Implementation projects; and
• a commitment to provide assistance to assist households and businesses to adjust to the Scheme, including:
• free permit allocations to the most heavily emissions-intensive trade-exposed activities; and
• limited direct assistance to existing coal-fired electricity generators.
Click here to view the Green Paper [PDF/3.1MB]

Climate Change: Beyond Bali
David Sandalow notes that the road from climate change negotiations in Bali will be filled with challenges. Work must proceed immediately on dozens of complex topics. Yet a key player in the final negotiations - the next U.S. President - is not yet at the table and obviously cannot be for more than a year.
Courtesy of the Brookings Institute

The World Meteorological Organization's Contribution to Improved Decision Making For Climate Adaptation
A Position Paper on climate that was submitted to the Bali Conference, December 3rd-14th, 2007 courtesy of the WMO

Climate Change Negotiations: An Asian Stir Fry of Options
A report from Civic Exchange and Singapore Institute for International Affairs.
The report argues that negotiators in Bali are unlikely to get developing countries to agree to mandatory emissions targets, and should instead focus on aligning their energy security and sustainable development interests through a reformed CDM, the promotion of energy efficiency and the use of current technology. [PDF/5.3MB]

As China Roars, Pollution Reaches Deadly Extremes
China's pollution problem, like the speed and scale of its rise as an economic power, has shattered all precedents.
By Joseph Kahn and Jim Yardley, courtesy of The New York Times

Toiling in the Dark: Africa's Power Crisis
By Michael Wines, courtesy of the New York Times
Crippling electricity shortages in sub-Saharan Africa have begun to hamper the region's development.

After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming
by William D. Nordhaus




A Splash of Green for the Rust Belt
With unemployment up, renewable energy has become a crucial source of good jobs for laid-off Rust Belt workers.
By Peter S. Goodman, courtesy of the New York Times

Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional and State Governments
This guide was co-authored by the Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington, King County Executive Ron Sims (in Washington State), and King County's global warming team.



Fossil Energy/Fuels

What is Carbon Capture and Storage?
Carbon capture and storage (CCS)- the sequestration of carbon dioxide-represents one possible approach for stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases. This interactive depiction of the technologies involved in CCS provides a background for informed discussion. Courtesy of The McKinsey Quarterly

At Exxon, Making the Case for Oil
The world has begun to shun dirty fuels, but an undaunted Exxon Mobil says oil will power economies for decades.
By Jad Mouawad, courtesy of the New York Times

Shell Oil executive says the demand for oil will outstrip supply in 7 years.
The oil multinational is predicting that conventional supplies will not keep pace with soaring population growth and the rapid pace of economic development.

Coal is No Longer on Front Burner
The rush to build power plants slows as worries grow over global warming, building costs and transportation.
By Judy Pasternak, courtesy of the Los Angeles Times

Fuel Without the Fossil
Mitch Mandich proudly showed off his baby, a 150-foot contraption of tanks, valves, hoppers, augers and fans. It hissed. It gurgled. An incongruous smell wafted through the air, the scent of turpentine.
By Matthew L. Wald, courtesy of the New York Times


Back to TopBack to Top