Climate Action Project


Month: May 2019

Darrel Knutson’s website

Darrel Knutson's website

Darrel Knutson’s website

Kidsbrowser contact addresses WannaBe Contact info
Additional web browsers are listed Darrel Knutson’s website
Additionally, some Java support may be improved with Java 1.4.1 for Mac OS X 10.2.6 which requires 10.2.3 combo or 10.2.4 through 10.2.6 combo updates, Java update for Mac OS X 10.3 to Java 1.4.1, and Java update for 10.3.4 to 1.4.2. If you use the Carbon Java Plugin some web browsers will accept Java more readily. Many websites may not be totally compatible with any of those web browsers, but that’s because their webmasters neglect to follow WWW Consortium Standards. You should write the webmaster of any website that doesn’t follow those standards and let them know that the web is more than just for Windows users, and that following those standards will help their web pages be more accessible. A great page on helping webmasters become more crossbrowser compatible is

14. Hung applications and Finder (when the spinning colored cursor comes up) – get Escapepod, or attempt to use Apple’s shortcut for force порно quitting applications: command-option-escape (where command is the Apple logo key on Apple keyboards).
When this doesn’t work, look for other slowdown causes on this FAQ, or the one on The X Lab’s troubleshooting page
15. Caches – Keep your caches clean with Jaguar Cache Cleaner, Cache Out or Cocktail. Note, since these are all multipurpose utilities, only use it for the feature shown here, as using another part of them to solve your problem may cause more problems in the long run. With clearing caches, it is important to remember to restart your computer from the Apple menu after finishing the task, otherwise you may not get the results you desire.

16. Classic – Classic’s limitation on the amount of RAM it will allocate applications is set to 128MB. Classic is Apple’s method of running Mac OS 9 applications while not having to setup startup disk system preference to boot directly off of 9. For those with older machines that came with Mac OS 9.0.x, 9.1, 9.2, or 9.2.1, or who have managed to install Mac OS 9 with the white Mac OS 9 installer CD to any of those versions of 9, you will need to update to Mac OS 9.2.2 for best support of Classic, and run those updates while still booted into Mac OS 9. To boot into Mac OS 9, select Apple menu -> System Preferences -> Startup Disk and select the Mac OS 9 system folder. If no system folder exists for Mac OS 9, you may have a machine that won’t boot Mac OS 9. Once you have booted into Mac OS 9, install the updates that will take you to Mac OS 9.2.2:
These updates are also listed on Apple’s own website on the knowledgebase article 75288

To boot back into Mac OS X, select the Special menu, and immediately after hitting restart, select the X key. This only works if Mac OS X and Mac OS 9 are on the same partition (same hard drive icon on the desktop). Otherwise, you need to use Apple menu -> Control Panels -> Startup Disk to select the Mac OS X System Folder prior to restarting.
If you got a new machine that has no OS 9 CD and for some reason Mac OS 9 is not installed you can install it from the restore CDs using Apple’s article for direction. Slightly older machines came with a bootable copy of Mac OS 9 and if 9 isn’t installed, or running properly as Classic, you may need to reinstall 9 using the clean install option

These machines will not boot into Mac OS 9, however also have Mac OS 9 for use in the Classic environment:

It is better though to get Mac OS X native hardware and software than to run items in Mac OS X’s Classic environment. Upgrade all your hardware and software first, then upgrade to a new Mac that boots only into Mac OS X. .

As a temporary measure to be able to run Mac OS X native applications while you upgrade your library, some Mac OS X native applications work best with CarbonLib 1.6 if booting from Mac OS 9. Contact the developer to make sure that your application works in Mac OS 9 and Mac OS X natively first before attempting to use this temporary measure.

16. Underpowered USB port – Using unpowered USB devices in the USB port nearest the modem on many machines will slow down the machine.

17. Zapping the PRAM – Sometimes the boot process will be slowed to a crawl because the PRAM hasn’t been zapped.
Before zapping your PRAM, make sure your firmware is up to date. If you don’t, you may permanently damage the motherboard making it impossible to upgrade your firmware, or your operating system.

You might be left with a blue or gray screen and no more progress after that. A Mac more than 4 years old may have a clock battery which needs replacing. If that happens, it will instantly zap its own PRAM without your telling it to, each time you start your Mac. As a result your clock will reset itself to 1969, 1956, or 1904. If you find this has happened, check these pages from Apple as to where to get your clock battery:
Models without clock batteries Clock battery models page 2
and links coming off the latter page. Apple’s Article 2238 covers more of what will be affected by a PRAM zap. Restart the machine holding down all four keys command-option-p-r simultaneously (where command is the key that has the cloverleaf and/or Apple logo on it) using the
Apple keyboard and wait for four chimes to zap the PRAM. In even the computer still doesn’t start up and doesn’t present a startup screen visit Apple’s article 106464, and how to fix the directory.

18. Login items – unless you are using a specific third party utility all the time, you can remove it from the Apple menu’s System Preferences, Login items. In Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther) this preference has been moved to Apple menu -> System Preferences -> Accounts -> Startup Items. This will free up memory and reduce the potential for conflicts.

19. Shadowkiller – You can download Shadowkiller free to remove window shadows and improve window redrawing performance.

20. HP printer drivers – Trouble with HP All in One printer drivers slowing down your machine under Mac OS X 10.2.2? Mac OS X 10.2.3 (available in updates of 10.2.0 or 10.2.1 to 10.2.3 and 10.2.2 to 10.2.3) is supposed to resolve some of the issues faced with HP’s communication software.

One person found removing HP Communications out of /Library/Printers/hp worked very well. HP has written an article addressing the issue:
HP 3500c scanner software until recently has also slowed down Mac OS X. The 171 MB download of 4-23-2003 listed at HP’s website fixed one person’s slowdown from their scanner. If you have an HP peripheral and it is causing you to slowdown, or any peripheral, check the manufacturer’s website for updates, and complain to the manufacturer if no update has happened.

21. Hard drive spindown – External hard drive spinning down even when Energy Saver isn’t running? Spin down fix is designed to keep your hard drives spinning even when Energy Saver is not on.
A utility which allows you to edit the spindown times is Cocktail. Note, since Cocktail is an all purpose utility, only use it for the feature shown here, as using another part of it to solve your problem may cause more problems in the long run.

22. Unable to empty trash and it is getting quite full? Force Empty Trash will do it.
Another utility that force empties trash is Cocktail. Note, since Cocktail is an all purpose utility, only use it for the feature shown here, as using another part of it to solve your problem may cause more problems in the long run. If the file still doesn’t trash, try Force Delete.

23. Retrospect’s Startup item running -Dantz Retrospect Express’s boot at startup Retrorun process (used for unattended backups). By default, the preferences of Retrospect are set to establish a root process that could potentially slow the system down if not being used. To disable it “To disable retrorun under Mac OS X so it does not load at system startup you can do the following:
Go to Retrospect Express menu ->Preferences in Retrospect 5.x for Macintosh Select Notification and uncheck all available options (you can leave “Animate Dock Icon” turned on) Next go to Unattended and set the option to “Stay in Retrospect”. Restart the computer and retrorun will no longer load at system startup

from article 27286 in Dantz’s knowledgebase.
24. Startup items – Related to the Dantz Retrospect item above, check your Library folder’s Startup Items folder. If you find stuff in there you don’t use, you should throw it out.
25. Use second user to isolate problem to system or user settings – Sometimes creating a new user can isolate third party software installations if they were made by your user. Apple menu -> System Preferences -> Accounts -> New User, will create a new user you can log into in order to isolate problems. Be sure to give them administrative privledges, and no you don’t have to lose auto login. You can always Logout from the Apple menu and log in as the test user to try things out.

26. Kextcache – Remove the /System/Library/Extensions.kextcache, and Extensions.mcache file after holding down the shift key sometimes fixes boot issues.

27. iMovie 3 has caused some consternation, and as a result tips were published on the Unofficial iMovie FAQ page.
The iMovie 4 is now available as part of the iLife suite of software and may solve some of the most common issues.
28. The subject of item 28 in the FAQ is covered by the page that discusses Kernel Panics.
29. Renicer – an application which assigns priority to specific programs that need more memory, thus allowing them to run quicker.
30. Removing unnecessary fonts will increase the speed of the machine a lot. You will find fonts stored in:

31. Removing unnecessary foreign languages. The freeware Monolingual lets you do just that.
There are many foreign language resources that are installed by default when you install Mac OS X, though if you custom install, you can prevent them from being installed.
If you didn’t realize you installed foreign languages to begin with, or want to remove what was installed, the freeware will help you make up for lost time.
This will save you as much as 200 MB to 600 MB of disk space, thus giving the system more room to breath. 32. Mac OS X 10.3.2 has caused a slow boot recognized by Apple which can be resolved using either Apple’s knowledgebase article 86639 or

Go to folder from the Go menu and type this: Drag BootControl into the Favorites folder in your Finder toolbar (the heart icon)

If you don’t have an icon for the Favorites in your Finder window’s toolbar, drag Home -> Library -> Favorites into the toolbar in a blank area between the icons.

33. Eudora users may experience problems with Mac OS X 10.3 yielding a spinning beachball cursor. Eudora’s knowledgebase explains how to solve it: 34. Other optimizers which offer many of the same features. If you find one that particularly helped you where others above were not helpful, please post to guestbook as to how they helped you. These were mentioned on several reviews on the Mac web:
Applejack – works from Command line!

35. Not exactly related to speed, but if you better understand how X operates, you can make more efficient use of it. These two books are excellent guides: The Robin Williams Mac OS X Book (Jaguar edition) or (Panther edition) by Robin Williams and Mac OS X the Missing Manual (Jaguar edition) or (Panther edition) by David Pogue.
And these two books are interesting books from people who upgraded to Mac OS X:
The Mac OS X Conversion Kit: 9 to 10 Side by Side, Jaguar Edition by Scott Kelby Mac OS X for Windows Users: A Switchers’ Guide by David Coursey
A similar hint page developed separately is here:
Also check The X Lab’s Repair Process FAQ, Francine Schwieder’s page and MacDevcenter’s Panther Maintenance page Francines Panther Problems page. Kernel Thread’s page. Additional information about Mac OS X native software and hardware may be found on this sites directory of Mac OS X related sites.  The old version of this FAQ is available as well if you are running an older version of Mac OS X, though it is highly recommended you upgrade to Jaguar (10.2) or newer version of Mac OS X.
Most of this old version of the FAQ is outdated now that Jaguar (Mac OS X 10.2) has been released.
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European spatial planning resource and information database

Ryerson’s Office of International Affairs promotes and supports a broad range of international initiatives involving ever growing numbers of students and faculty. These include, among others, student exchange and internship programs, faculty mobility programs, and international research and/or development projects carried out in partnership with many diverse organizations nationally and interationally.

Internationalization is an integral part of Ryerson’s mission. We know that international experiences can provide enhanced opportunites for student learning and personal growth. Participation in international projects may provide for faculty avenues for SRC and for service. For both faculty and students, the broadened perspectives gained through participation in international projects will often make their way into the classroom, thereby having an impact far beyond those who participated directly. Internationalization is of critical importance in terms of equipping our students and faculty to meet the challenges of globalization.

OIA staff act as facilitators, consultants and advisors to individuals and departments in the design and implementation of international initiatives and activities. Services include information about potential funding opportunities, assistance in preparing proposals, proposal review prior to submission, review and and approval of agreements and contracts, financial administration, project co-ordination, and risk management of student participation. All projects must have an academic секс, must have the capacity to benefit students, and must have the full support of the department and the dean of the Faculty.

Over the past years there has been an increase in the number of and scope of international initiatives. We applaud these developments and take pride and pleasure in our role in supporting them. We look forward to promoting existing and new collaborative relationships which contribute to the internationalization of Ryerson

How to use this web site
The information on the site is of three kinds (resources, summaries and experts).
The navigation bar situated on the left hand side of every page gives three ways of finding information: search by a key phrase – use this drop-down list to select a pre-defined key phrase to search by search by your own word/phrase – type a word or short phrase related to the information you are looking for in this box and click ‘go’.
browse topics – click the ‘browse topics’ link to look at information organised by topics and sub-topics. Resources appear as blue links. If a summary on the topic or key phrase is available it can be accessed by clicking on the icon. The summaries are PDF documents. Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to read these documents, which can be downloaded free by clicking here. If there are experts on the topic or key phrase, they can be found listed after the resources. To access these quickly, click on the blue experts link.

For more detailed instructions on how to use this site, please see the Help Page.

Atlantic Arc Atlantic Arc Region, designated under the INTERREG Programme BSR Baltic Sea Region, designated under the INTERREG framework CADSES The operational programme for Central, Adriatic, Danubian and South European Space, designated under the INTERREG framework CAP Common Agricultural Policy (European Union)
CLRAE Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe, a consultative body which helps new member states with practical aspects of their progress towards establishing effective local and regional self -government COE Council of Europe CPRE Council for the Protection of Rural England, an organisation which aims to promote the beauty, tranquillity and diversity of rural England by encouraging sustainable use of land and other natural resources in town and country.
CSD Committee for Spatial Development DTLR Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions, a department of UK Government and operates in England and Wales. Formerly known as the Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR)

EEA European Environment Agency, based in Copenhagen
E-ESDI A new European Commission/EUROSTAT initiative on Environmental European Spatial Data Infrastructure
ESDP European Spatial Development Plan, produced by the Committee for Spatial Development and member states in the EU in 1999
ESPON EU research programme, financed by the ESPON 2006 programme under INTERREG III Art. 53 EUCC European Union for Coastal Conservation

EUROCITIES EUROCITIES is an association of metropolitan cities, based in
EUROSTAT Statistical Office of the European Communities
ICZM Integrated Coastal Zone Management (see memo on Coastal Zone Management which will be produced by the end of 2001)
INTERREG The Community initiative launched in 1990 in recognition of the particular problems faced by border regions in an integrating Europe. Subsequently, there has been a substantial increase in funding of the Interreg programme, and a broadening of its scope from land borders in Interreg 1, to maritime borders in Interreg 11 and transnational regions in Interreg 11C. LEADER Community initiative for rural development (Liason Entre Actions Development Economics Rural) MEDA MEDA programme is the principal financial instrument of the EU for the implementation of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. The programme offers technical and financial support measures to accompany the reform of economic and social structures in the Mediterranean partners. NSR North Sea Region, designated under the INTERREG framework
NUTS Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics i.e. statistical classification of territorial units in order to ensure the production and dissemination of comparable regional statistics in the Community
NUTS level 1 Areas with the average size of administrative units that lie within the population threshold of 3 – 7 millions.
NUTS level 2 Areas with the average size of administrative units that lie within the population threshold of 800,000 – 3 millions.

NUTS level 3 Areas with the average size of administrative units that lie within the population threshold of 150,000 – 800,000.
NUTS level 4 Areas in lower tier authorities (districts) or individual unitary authorities
NUTS level 5 Ward area (or communes)
NWMA North West Metropolitan Area, designated under the INTERREG framework OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, an international organisation based in Paris
PHARE One of the three pre-accession instruments financed by the EC to assist the applicant countries of central Europe in their preparations for joining the EU RCU Regional Co-ordination Unit, a British Central Government initiative RDA Regional Development Agency, lead body at regional level and responsible for developing a strategy for its region. For example, North East RDA, West Midlands RDA

RPG Regional Planning Guidance, guidance which provides the land use planning framework for the regions as set out in the Planning Policy Guidance Note 11 “Regional Planning”. For example, RPG 10: South West Region and RPG 6: Eastern Region
SME/SMI Small and medium-sized enterprises / Small and medium-sized industries SPESP Study Programme on European Spatial Planning, undertaken in 1998 – 2000 TACIS Launched in the EC in 1991, the TACIS programme provides grant-financed technical assistance to countries of Eastern Europe, and mainly aims at enhancing the transition process in these countries TENs Trans-European Networks VASAB 2010 Vision and Strategies Around the Baltic 2010 i.e. an intergovernmental programme of the Baltic Sea Region countries on multilateral spatial planning and development in the region; designated under the INTERREG framework

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